Version: 2.0, 12th June 1993
This FAQ may be cited as:
Donkin, Richard. (1993) "FAQ: Typing Injuries (4/5): Software Monitoring
Tools" Usenet news.answers. Available via anonymous ftp from
rtfm.mit.edu in pub/usenet/news.answers/typing-injury-faq/software.
Version: 2.3, 22nd November 1993
[This FAQ is maintained by Richard Donkin <richa...@cix.compulink.co.uk>
(please note changed email address). I post it, along with the other FAQ
stuff. If you have questions, you want to send mail to Richard, not me.
Software Tools to help with RSI
This file describes tools, primarily software, to help prevent or manage
RSI. This version now includes information on diverse tools such as
calendar programs and even digital watches, which tends to contradict the
title somewhat. It also includes information on software for pain-free
use of mice and keyboard s - it draws the line at hardware, which is the
subject of the Keyboard Alternati ves FAQ.
Please let me know if you come across any other tools, or if you have
informati on or opinions on these ones, and I will update this FAQ. I am
especially interest ed in getting reviews of these products from people
who have evaluated them or are using them. The major difficulty with all
these products is that when you are under pressure you tend to cancel out
of the break reminder almost automaticall y - any suggestions on how to
avoid this would be appreciated.
Internet mail: richa...@cix.compulink.co.uk [note change of preferred address]
Tel: +44 71 251 2128
Fax: +44 71 251 2853
Charles Hsieh <char...@speedy.cs.wisc.edu> for information on Mac tools.
Changes in this version:
More information on using AccessDOS and Access Pack for Windows to reduce
problems with mice, especially double clicking and drag operations.
More information on Dvorak keyboard layouts, especially for DOS and Windows.
TYPING MANAGEMENT TOOLS: these aim to help you manage your keyboard use,
by warning you to take a break every so often. The better ones also
include advice on exercises, posture and workstation setup. A few use
sound hardware to alert you to a break, but the majority use beeps or
Often, RSI appears only after many years of typing, and the pain has a
delayed action in the short term too: frequently you can be typing all day
with little problem and the pain gets worse in the evening. These tools
act as an early warning system: by listening to their warnings and taking
breaks with exercises, you don't have to wait for your body to give you a
more serious and painful warning - that is, getting RSI.
Tool: Activity Monitoring Program (commercial software)
Office Automation Systems
7 Clarks Terrace
Tel & Fax: +44 (904) 423622
This product is specifically aimed at helping employers meet the
requirements of EC directive 90/270, so it is of most interest to
European users. It does not provide animations of exercises, instead
providing them in the manual - the rationale for this is that the
EC directive requires breaks to be taken away from the computer, so
sitting at your keyboard doing exercises is not allowed. In any case,
it is better for you to stretch your legs as well as arms, and rest
your eyes by leaving the computer, so this seems sensible. The
program feels less intrusive than some others as a result, it simply
pops up a small window asking you to take a break.
Unlike most other programs, you can set a hierarchy of some
work then micropause, longer work then short pause, and still
longer work then a long pause. This hierarchy is closer to
medical recommendations than just taking a break every N
Also, this program is only activated by keyboard or mouse
activity, unlike some other programs that pop up at a given time
even if you are not at your PC.
The program does not let you exit it or change the settings without a
password (though this protection is configurable) - ideal for companies
that want to discourage people from bypassing the program.
The latest version has some improvements: a TSR is supplied so that
typing in a DOS window will not affect the accuracy of the break times;
the program beeps three times before a break to let you stop typing
before it grabs control from the current window; and the minimised icon
shows you when the next break is due, changing periodically to cycle through
all the break times.
Tool: At Your Service (commercial software)
Tel: +1 (206) 451 3697
Platforms: Mac (System 6.0.4), Windows
Provides calendar, keyboard watch, email watch, and system info.
Warns when to take a break (configurable). Has a few recommendations
on posture, and exercises. Sound-oriented, will probably work best
with sound card (PC) or with microphone (Mac). Should be possible
to record your own messages to warn of break.
Tool: AudioPort (sound card and software)
Tel: +1 (510) 226 2563
A sound card to plug into your PC parallel port.
Includes 'At Your Service'.
Tool: Computer Health Break (commercial software)
Escape Ergonomics, Inc
1111 W. El Camino Real
Tel: +1 (408) 730 8410
Aimed at preventing RSI, this program warns you to take
breaks after a configurable interval, based on clock time, or
after a set number of keystrokes -- whichever is earlier.
It gives you 3 exercises to do each time, randomly selected from
a set of 70. Exercises are apparently tuned to the type of work
you do - data entry, word processing, information processing.
Exercises are illustrated and include quite a lot of text on
how to do the exercise and on what exactly the exercise does.
CHB includes hypertext information on RSI that you can use
to learn more about RSI and how to prevent it. Other information
on non-RSI topics can be plugged into this hypertext viewer.
A full glossary of medical terms and jargon is included.
CHB can be run in a DOS box under Windows, but does not then
warn you when to take a break; it does not therefore appear
useful when used with Windows.
Cost: $79.95; quantity discounts, site licenses.
The keystroke-counting approach looks good: it seems better
to measure the activity that is causing you problems than to
measure clock time or even typing time. The marketing stuff
is very good and includes some summaries of research papers,
as well as lots of arguments you can use to get your company
to pay up for RSI management tools.
Tool: DOS Stretch (commercial software)
John Fricker Software
PO Box 1289
Ashland, OR 97520
Platforms: DOS (Hercules, EGA, VGA)
Demo (VGA only, single exercise) available from:
Compuserve: Health and Fitness Forum, Issues At Work section,
This break reminder program includes exercises but no ergonomic
information. It includes 11 exercises, taking about four minutes.
They are animated using a cartoon figure. The demo includes a
hand exercise that seems useful; the full program includes a
Tool: Exercise Break [formerly StressFree] (commercial software,
free usable demo)
Hopkins Technology (distributors)
421 Hazel Lane
Hopkins, MN 55343-7116
Tel: +1 612-931-9376
Fax: +1 612-931-9377
Mail: 70412....@compuserve.com (Ignacio Valdes, the developer)
Demos (working program but reduced functions) available from:
Compuserve: Windows Advanced Forum, New Uploads section, or
Health and Fitness Forum, Issues At Work section.
(Windows and Mac versions in latter)
Anon FTP: ftp.cica.indiana.edu (and mirroring sites)
CIX: rsi conference
Platforms: Windows (3.0/3.1), Mac System 6.0.5 or higher, DOS version soon
Aimed at preventing RSI, this program warns you to take
breaks after a configurable interval (or at fixed times).
Displays descriptions and pictures of exercises - pictures are
animated and program paces you to help you do exercises at the
correct rate. Quite a few exercises, can configure which ones
are included to a large extent. One useful feature is that when
it is running minimised it shows the time to the next break, helping
you plan your work to the next break rather than it coming as an
The new release, 3.0, is renamed Exercise Break, supports Mac and
Windows and should include a DOS version. I have been trying out
a beta version and it has some useful features, including
Typewatch (no relation to the freeware program ...), which graphs
your typing rate over time, with optional warnings to slow down
and export facilities for spreadsheet analysis. It also includes
a full ergonomic checklist online to help set up your workstation,
and a picture of correct posture and workstation adjustment.
An unusual feature is the ability to include your own exercises in
the program, providing you have access to a Windows SDK, without
Cost: $29.95 if supported via CompuServe or Internet, otherwise $39.95.
Site license for 3 or more copies is $20.00 each.
This is the only tool with a redistributable demo that is not just
a slide show, so if you do get the demo, post it on your local
bulletin boards, FTP servers and Bitnet servers! Includes the
ability to step backward in the exercise sequence, which is good
for repeating the most helpful exercises. Hopefully a number of
add-on exercise modules will become available now that it is
possible to add exercises.
Tool: EyerCise (commercial software)
One Woodland Park Dr.
Haverhill, MA 01830, US
Tel: 800-451-4487 (US only)
+1 (508) 521 4487
Platforms: Windows (3.0/3.1), OS/2 PM (1.3/2.0) [Not DOS]
Aimed at preventing RSI and eye strain, this program warns you to take
breaks after a configurable interval (or at fixed times). Optionally
displays descriptions and pictures of exercises - pictures are
animated and program beeps you to help you do exercises at the
correct rate. Includes 19 stretches and 4 visual training
exercises, can configure which are included and how many repetitions
you do - breaks last from 3 to 7 minutes. Also includes online help
on workplace ergonomics.
Quote from their literature:
"EyerCise is a Windows program that breaks up your day with periodic
sets of stretches and visual training exercises. The stretches work
all parts of your body, relieving tension and helping to prevent
Repetitive Strain Injury. The visual training exercises will improve
your peripheral vision and help to relieve eye strain. Together these
help you to become more relaxed and productive."
"The package includes the book _Computers & Visual Stress_ by Edward C.
Godnig, O.D. and John S. Hacunda, which describes the ergonomic setup
for a computer workstation and provides procedures and exercises to
promote healthy and efficient computer use.
Cost: $69.95 including shipping and handling, quantity discounts
for resellers. Free demo ($5 outside US).
I have a copy of this, and it works as advertised: I would say
it is better for RSI prevention than RSI management, because it
does not allow breaks at periods less than 30 minutes. Also, it
interrupts you based on clock time rather than typing time, which
is not so helpful unless you use the keyboard all day. Worked OK on
Windows 3.0 though it did occasionally crash with a UAE - not sure
why. Also refused to work with the space bar on one PC, and has
one window without window controls. Very usable though, and does not
require any sound hardware.
Tool: Lifeguard (commercial software)
P.O. Box 69447
Portland, OR 97201, US
Tel: +1 (503) 246-6200
Platforms: Mac, DOS (Windows version underway)
Aimed at preventing RSI. Warns you to take a break
with dialog box and sound. Includes a list of exercises
to do during breaks, and information on configuring your
workstation in an ergonomic manner. Price: $59;
quantity discounts and site licenses. The DOS product is
bought in from another company, apparently; not sure how
equivalent this is to the Mac version.
The Mac version got a good review in Desktop Publisher
Magazine (Feb 1991). Good marketing stuff with useful
2-page summaries of RSI problems and solutions, with
Tool: PC-FIT User-Saver (commercial software, free slideshow demo)
Tel: +43 222/526 02880
Fax: +43 222/526 02889
Demo (slideshow) available from:
Compuserve: Health and Fitness Forum, Issues At Work section,
Platforms: DOS 3.1 or higher, Windows (3.0/3.1), Macintosh System 7.0.1 or
This program warns you to take breaks, provides exercises for the
muscles and for the eyes, and includes information on ergonomics.
Exercises are animations based on photos of a model (mime
artist?), which together with cartoons elsewhere lend a
light-weight feeling to this package, as far as I can tell from
the demo. Orientated to EC 90/270.
Cost: no prices available
Tool: Typewatch (freeware), version 3.8 (October 1992)
CIX: sco conference
Email to richa...@cix.compulink.co.uk
Platforms: UNIX (tested on SCO, SunOS, Mach; character and X Window mode)
This is a shell script that runs in the background and warns you
to stop typing, based on how long you have been continuously
typing. It does not provide exercises, but it does check
that you really do take a break, and tells you when you
can start typing again.
Typewatch now tells you how many minutes you have been typing
today, each time it warns you, which is useful so you
know how much you *really* type. It also logs information
to a file that you can analyse or simply print out.
The warning message appears on your screen (in character mode),
in a pop-up window (for X Windows), or as a Zephyr message
(for those with Athena stuff). Tim Freeman <t...@cs.cmu.edu>
has put in a lot of bug fixes, extra features and support for
X, Zephyr and Mach.
Not formally supported, but email richa...@cix.compulink.co.uk
(for SCO, SunOS, character mode) or t...@cs.cmu.edu (for Mach,
X Window mode, Zephyr) if you have problems or want to give
Tool: Various calendar / batch queue programs
Any calendar/reminder program that warns you of an upcoming
appointment can be turned into an ad hoc RSI management tool.
Alternatively, use any batch queue submission program that lets
you submit a program to run at a specific time to display
a message to the screen.
Using Windows as an example: create a Calendar file, and
include this filename in your WIN.INI's 'load=' line so
you get it on every startup of Windows. Suppose you
want to have breaks every 30 minutes, starting from 9 am.
Press F7 (Special Time...) to enter an appointment, enter
9:30, hit Enter, and type some text in saying what the break
is for. Then press F5 to set an alarm on this entry, and repeat
for the next appointment.
By using Windows Recorder, you can record the keystrokes
that set up breaks throughout a day in a .REC file. Put this
file on your 'run=' line, as above, and you will then, with
a single keypress, be able to set up your daily appointments
with RSI exercises.
The above method should be adaptable to most calendar programs.
An example using batch jobs would be to submit a simple job
that runs at 9:30 am and warns you to take a break; this will
depend a lot on your operating system.
On Windows 3.x, you can use Barclock 2.2 or above - this gives you
a clock in the current window title bar, and also lets you type in
a message to be popped up every hour (or even more frequently if
you set multiple alarms). Not intended for this purpose but simple
and effective, Barclock is available on many BBSs as BARCLK22.ZIP.
While these approaches are not ideal, they are a good way of forcing
yourself to take a break if you can't get hold of a suitable RSI
management tool. If you are techie enough you might want to
write a version of Typewatch (see above) for your operating
system, using batch jobs or whatever fits best.
Tool: Digital watches with count-down timers
Various sources, e.g. Casio BP-100.
Many digital watches have timers that count down from a settable
number of minutes; they usually reset easily to that number, either
manually or automatically.
While these are a very basic tool, they are very useful if you
are writing, reading, driving, or doing anything away from
a computer which can still cause or aggravate RSI. The great
advantage is that they remind you to break from whatever you
My own experience was that cutting down a lot on my typing led to
my writing a lot more, and still reading as much as ever, which
actually aggravated the RSI in my right arm though the left
arm improved. Getting a count-down timer watch has been
very useful on some occasions where I write a lot in a day.
I have tried an old fashioned hour-glass type egg timer, but
these are not much good because they do not give an audible
warning of the end of the time period!
KEYBOARD AND MOUSE CONTROL TOOLS: these enable you to
- change your keyboard mapping so you can type one-handedly or with a
different two-handed layout. One-handed typing tools may help, but be
VERY careful about how you use them -- if you keep the same overall
typing workload you are simply doubling your hand use for the hand
that you use for typing, and may therefore simply cause your remaining
"good" hand/arm to deteriorate.
- change the way your mouse works to avoid or modify operations that
are painful - mouse dragging is a common problem.
Tool: hsh (public domain)
Anonymous ftp: soda.berkeley.edu:pub/typing-injury/software/hsh.shar
Platforms: UNIX (don't know which ones)
Allows one-handed typing and other general keyboard remappings.
Only works through tty's (so you can use it with a terminal or
an xterm, but not most X programs).
Tool: Dvorak keyboard tools (various)
Anonymous ftp: soda.berkeley.edu:pub/typing-injury/software/xdvorak.c
Available as standard in Microsoft Windows, Windows for Workgroups and
Available for MS-DOS
To quote the Microsoft documentation:
Dvorak keyboard layouts are based on designs created by August
Dvorak, a professor at the University of Washington during the
1930s and 1940s. Dr. Dvorak studied the way people type standard
English, and determined the most common letter combinations. He
then designed new keyboard layouts to speed up typing and reduce
fatigue. These layouts, now called Dvorak or simplified keyboards,
were initially developed for two-handed typists. Following World
War II, Dvorak layouts were developed for typists who use the right
or left hand alone.
It is doubtful that switching to Dvorak will have a major impact
on RSI, but it may be helpful in preventing RSI. If you do switch,
your typing rate will go down a lot initially, which will help!
Microsoft Windows products support Dvorak as a standard keyboard
layout - look in the International setup in the Control panel.
MS-DOS supports this via the MS-DOS Supplemental Disk, available from
Microsoft, which includes standard and one-handed Dvorak layouts.
These layouts are available for Windows in Application Note GA0650,
available from Microsoft or from various online services as GA0650.ZIP.
In the US, training and keycap stickersfor the Dvorak layout are
4516 NE 54th St.
Seattle, WA 98105-2933
Tel: (206) 324-7219 (voice and fax)
If you are also looking at alternative keyboards, you might also like to look
at the Maltron layout, which is claimed to be more efficient than Dvorak.
See the alternative keyboard FAQ for supplier details.
Tool: AccessDOS, Access Pack for Windows (free commercial software)
Compuserve, Genie, Microsoft Online, Microsoft Download Service, BBSs
Platforms: DOS, Windows
AccessDOS has a range of keyboard and mouse control features that
may be useful, such as sticky shift keys to avoid stretching to
hold down shift at same time as other keys, and using the keyboard
for mouse functions. It also allows serial-line interfacing of
alternative keyboards and other devices. AccessDOS is available
from Microsoft on the MS-DOS Supplemental Disk.
Access Pack for Windows has roughly the same features but in a Windows
environment. The mouse functions of Access Pack for Windows are useful
for people who find using the mouse painful. You can use the numeric keypad,
with Num Lock off, to do operations like drag and drop without holding down
a mouse button or a key on the keyboard. You can also do double click
from the keyboard by pressing a single key just once. You can use
cursor control keys for all mouse movements, though this is rather slow, as
you might expect. The mouse functions probably work best if you can use
some kind of ergonomic mouse or trackball and just avoid double click and
drag operations as described. You can work entirely without a mouse - if you
want to use a real mouse as well as Access Pack functions, it must be Microsoft
Tool: PowerClicks, Mouse2 (shareware)
Anonymous ftp: sumex-aim.stanford.edu,
(From Charles Hsieh)
PowerClicks is a cdev that can replace mouse click and mouse
click-holding with self-defined keyboard combinations. For example,
I use my right hand to move the mouse around, and use my left hand
to press F1 for mouse click, and F2 for mouse click-holding.
Mouse2 makes the mouse move twice as fast, so that your hand doesn't
have to move as far.
Cost: PowerClicks is $3
Dan Wallach "One of the most attractive features of a Connection
dwall...@cs.princeton.edu Machine is the array of blinking lights on the faces
Phone#: 609-452-8446 of its cabinet." -- CM Paris Ref. Manual, v6.0, p48.