Catalog of compilers, interpreters, and other language tools [p1of5]

Catalog of compilers, interpreters, and other language tools [p1of5]

Post by Steven Robena » Sat, 02 Aug 1997 04:00:00

Archive-name: compilers/free/part1
Last-modified: 1996/04/01
Version: 9.0

Catalog of Free Compilers and Interpreters.

Copyright (c) 1992, 1993, 1994, David Muir Sharnoff, All Rights Reserved
Copyright (c) 1994, 1995, 1996, Steven Allen Robenalt, All Rights Reserved

This list catalogues freely available software for language tools, which
includes the following: compilers, compiler generators, interpreters,
translators, important libraries, assemblers, etc.  -- things whose user
interface is a language.  Natural language processing tools may also
be included.

This list is primarily aimed at developers rather than researchers, and
consists mainly of citations for production quality systems.  There is some
overlap of coverage between this document and other lists and catalogs.  See
the references section for a list...

All the listed items should be free and come with source code, exceptions have
generally been deleted from the list in the past.  If you find any such items
in the list let me know and I'll remove them.

The latest version of the catalog can be ftp'ed: get

There is a HTML version available at:

Not all entries have complete citations.  Some fields are filled with
question marks (?).  Fields with both the ? and an entry are implicit
requests for confirmation.  Also, specific questions will often be
asked [in brackets --ed].

If you have information not included in here or updates to information
listed here, a template has been provided below for you to use.  You
can send whatever new items or updates you have to

overview (table of contents)

Section                                                         Parts
Catalog of Free Compilers and Interpreters.                       1
overview (table of contents)                                      1
history                                                           1
prototype entry                                                   1
tools                                                             1
        scripting languages                                       1
        functional languages                                      1
        C variants                                                2
        compiled, imperative languages                            2
        object oriented languages                                 2
        lisp family                                               3
        document formatting languages                             3
        logic programming languages                               3
        concurrent, parallel, and simulation languages            4
        Forth family languages                                    4
        compiler generators and related tools                     4
        mathematical tools and languages                          4
        electrical engineering languages                          4
        Wirth family languages                                    5
        assemblers                                                5
        macro preprocessors                                       5
        special purpose languages                                 5
        natural languages                                         5
        curiosities                                               5
        unable to classify due to lack of knowledge               5
references                                                        5
archives                                                          5
cross-reference                                                   5


This document grew out of David Muir Sharnoff filing away postings that he
saw (mostly Ed Vielmetti's postings to comp.archives) during 1991 and the
first half of 1992.  At the Summer 1992 USENIX Technical Conference, the
other attendees of the archivists BOF convinced David to compile his data
into a posting.  David posted for about one year, then turned the list over
to Mark Hopkins.  Mark Hopkins <> took care of it for
the summer of 1993 and then gave it back to David Sharnoff when he dropped
off the net.  Steve Robenalt <> took over the list
maintenance from Dave in January 1994.  It was returned to Mark Hopkins
<> in May 1994, but Dave's organization, Idiom
Consulting, remains as the focal point for information to be submitted.
In July through November 1994, David created a HTML version of the list while
updates piled up.  Eric S. Raymond made quite a few edits during this
conversion process that had to be edited in by hand 'cause the compilers
list was kinda unstable.  Eventually, David and Steve took care of the
backlog and passed maintenance back to Mark. Now that you are probably
completely confused about who does what, Steve is maintaining the list again.
After cleaning up a large portion of a rather hefty backlog from the past
six months, I would like to request that whenever possible, readers of this
list send in entries using the sample form provided, including the required
information. If you find a tool useful and it's not here, do the author a
favor and submit the information. It makes the updates much easier.

If you should wish to make substantial changes to the free compilers list,
please talk to us first.  The version that you see is not quite the same as
the version that we maintain.

prototype entry
Every entry should at least have the fields marked with two asterisks (**).

language:       **Reference Entry
                Language: what the software compiles/interprets...
package:        **The name of the package
version:        **Its current version
parts:          **compiler, assembler, interpreter, translator, grammar(yacc,
                lex), library, documentation, examples, assembler, simulator,
                tutorial, test suite, byte-code compiler, run-time,
                translator(from->to)...       Compilers that use C as an
                intermediate lanaguage should be noted as "compiler(->C)".
                Compilers that compile into a coded representation that is
                interpreted by a runtime module should be noted as "bytecode
                compiler".  Do not say "source code" -- if source is not
                included, do not send an entry at all!
author:         **the creator of the package.  Email addresses are in the
                form "Real Name <email@address>".  Surface mail addresses
                are not used unless there is no email address.
location:       **where to get the source, how to get it -- usually an FTP site
                or two.  May have subheaders for specific areas or different
                ports of the software (don't overdo this!):  Only official
                sites should be listed.  The format for ftp directives is
                "ftp dir/file from host", although valid URL's are also
                No IP address is ever given.  No other ftp formats are allowed.
    Continent:  Sites for continent.
    Country:    Sites for country.
    System:     Sites for a particular port.
description:    **what the package is, possibly including some history
                A short review encouraged, but no propaganda please.
conformance:    how well does it conform to the existing Standard, if one
reference:      Research references and other external documentation.  
                 If there is more than one entry in the section indent all
                 but first line of each entry by one character
                If there is only one entry, then don't indent that single
                 entry at all.
features:       1. salient features not listed in the description.  
                2. You may list features with numbered lists
                3. Or you may use bullet items:
                + every bullet item should be a plus
                + unless you want to say that something is an anti-feature
                - in which case you should use a minus.
                + but in any case, you should put the + or - at the beginning
                  of the line.
bugs:           known bugs (also: where to go to find/report bugs)
restriction:    restrictions using the software will place on the user.
requires:       what is needed to install it.  A C compiler is assumed.
ports:          where it has been installed
portability:    how system-independent is it, system dependencies.
status:         development status (active, history, supported, etc)
discussion:     where discussion about the package takes place
help:           where help may be gotten from
support:        where support may be gotten from
contributions:  possible requests for money contributions (but no shareware)
announcements:  where new releases are announced
contact:        who to reach concerning the package (if not author) Email
                addresses are in the form "Real Name <email@address>".  Surface
                mail addresses are not used unless there is no email address.
updated:        **last known update to the package, not time of the update
                to the entry in the catalog!
                The format of date is: yyyy/mm/dd, yyyy/mm, or yyyy.
                No other formats are allowed.

In addition to the above, in entries for categories, and languages,
cross-references can be made.  

cref:           cross-reference to a category
lref:           cross-reference to a language
iref:           (language it's filed under in parenthesis) cross-reference
                to an implementation


scripting languages
category:       scripting languages
description:    These are languages that are primarily interpreted, and on
                unix sytems, can ususally be invoked directly from a text file
                using #!.  
iref:           (Scheme) scsh

language:       ABC
package:        ABC
version:        1.04.01
parts:          interpreter/compiler
author:         Leo Geurts, Lambert Meertens,
                Steven Pemberton <>
location:       ftp /pub/abc/* from
description:    ABC is an imperative language embedded in its own environment.
                It is interactive, structured, high-level, very easy to learn,
                and easy to use.  It is suitable for general everyday
                programming, such as you would use BASIC, Pascal, or AWK for.
                It is not a systems-programming language. It is an excellent
                teaching language, and because it is interactive, excellent for
                prototyping.  ABC programs are typically very compact, around a
                quarter to a fifth the size of the equivalent Pascal or C
                program.  However, this is not at the cost of readability, on
                the contrary in fact.
reference:      "The ABC Programmer's Handbook" by Leo Geurts,
                 Lambert Meertens and Steven Pemberton, published by
                 Prentice-Hall (ISBN 0-13-000027-2)
                "An Alternative Simple Language and Environment for PCs"
                 by Steven Pemberton, IEEE Software, Vol. 4, No. 1,
                 January 1987, pp.  56-64.
ports:          unix, MSDOS, atari, mac
updated:        1991/05/02

language:       awk (new)
package:        mawk
version:        1.2beta
parts:          interpreter
author:         Mike Brennan <>
location:       ftp public/mawk* from
description:    a pattern-directed language for massaging text files
conformance:    superset of (old, V7) awk
features:       + RS can be a regular expression
                + faster than most new awks
ports:          sun3,sun4:sunos4.0.3 vax:bsd4.3,ultrix4.1 stardent3000:sysVR3
                decstation:ultrix4.1 msdos:turboC++
status:         actively developed
contact:        Mike Brennan <>
updated:        1994/12/16

language:       awk (new)
package:        GNU awk (gawk)
version:        2.15.6
parts:          interpreter, documentation
author:         David Trueman <> and
                Arnold Robbins <>
location:       ftp gawk-2.15.tar.Z from a GNU archive site
description:    a pattern-directed language for massaging text files
conformance:    superset of (old, V7) awk including some Plan 9 features
ports:          unix, msdos:msc5.1
status:         activly developed
updated:        1995/03/09

language:       BASIC
package:        bwBASIC (Bywater BASIC interpreter)
version:        2.10
parts:          interpreter, shell, ?
author:         Ted A. Campbell <>
location:       comp.sources.misc volume 40
description:    The Bywater BASIC Interpreter (bwBASIC) implements a large
                superset of the ANSI Standard for Minimal BASIC (X3.60-1978)
                implemented in ANSI C, and offers a simple interactive environ-
                ment including some shell program facilities as an extension of
                BASIC. The interpreter has been compiled successfully on a
                range of ANSI C compilers on varying platforms with no
                alterations to source code necessary.
ports:          DOS, Unix, Acorn's RISC OS
updated:        1993/10/29

language:       BASIC
package:        ? basic ?
version:        ?
parts:          paser(yacc), interpreter
author:         ?
location:       comp.sources.unix archives volume 2
description:    ?
updated:        ?

language:       BASIC
package:        ? bournebasic ?
version:        ?
parts:          interpreter
author:         ?
location:       comp.sources.misc archives volume 1
description:    ?
updated:        ?

language:       BASIC
package:        ubasic
version:        8.74
parts:          interpreter, documentation, examples
author:         Yuji Kida <>
location: in pub/msdos/ubasic/
    N.America:  ftp SimTel/msdos/ubasic/* from
    Europe:     ftp pub/msdos/SimTel/ubasic/* from
description:    An implementation of BASIC with high precision real and complex
                arithmetic (up to 2600 digits), exact rational arithmetics,
                arithmetic of rational, modulo p or complex polynomials, and
                strings and linked lists.  It supports algebraic,
                transcendental and arithmetic functions, some C-like and
                Pascal-like functions.  The latest version supports VGA
reference:      reviewed in Notices of the A.M.S #36 (May/June 1989),
                and "A math-oriented high-precision BASIC", #38 (3/91)
ports:          MS-DOS, VGA capability present.
updated:        1994/06/05

language:       BASIC
package:        ?
version:        ?
parts:          interpreter
author:         ?
location:       ftp pub/unix-c/languages/basic/basic.tar-z from
description:    public domain version of DEC's MU-Basic with Microsoft
                Basic mixed together
contact:        ?
updated:        ?

language:       BASIC
package:        ACE - AmigaBASIC Compiler with Extras
version:        2.3
parts:          Compiler (produces 68000 assembly code), assembler, linker,
                run-time libraries (linkable), text and AmigaGuide docs,
                integrated development environment, large collection of
                example programs, utilities.
author:         David Benn. E-mail:
location:       ftp /pub/ACE/ace23.lha from
                ftp dev/basic/ace23.lha from Aminet sites (
description:    ACE is a FreeWare Amiga BASIC compiler which, in conjunction
                with A68K and Blink produces standalone executables.
                The language defines a large subset of AmigaBASIC but also has
                many features not found in the latter such as: turtle graphics,
                recursion, SUBs with return values, structures, arguments,
                include files, a better WAVE command which allows for large
                waveforms, external references, named constants and a variety
                of other commands and functions not found in AmigaBASIC.
conformance:    Follows AmigaBASIC fairly closely with most differences being
                minor. Many extra features have been added however. Major
                AmigaBASIC features yet to be implemented: double-precision
                floating point math, random files, sprites.
bugs:           See documentation: ace.doc, p 43-44.
restrictions:   See documentation: ace.doc, p 42-43 and conformance (above).
portability:    ACE is targetted at the Amiga but many generic BASIC
                programs will compile with little or no change.
status:         ACE is still being developed. Version 2.3 is its sixth release.
discussion:     Discussion list: send the message "subscribe ace FirstName
                LastName" to:
announcements:  On the ACE discussion list and the newsgroup
updated:        1994/10/22

language:       Bourne Shell
package:        ash
version:        ?
parts:          interpreter, manual page
author:         Kenneth Almquist
location:       ftp from any 386BSD, NetBSD, or FreeBSD archive
    Linux:      ftp pub/linux/ports/ash-linux-0.1.tar.gz from
description:    A Bourne Shell clone.  It works pretty well.  For running
                scripts, it is sometimes better and sometimes worse than Bash.
ports:          386BSD, NetBSD, FreeBSD, Linux
updated:        ?

language:       csh (C-Shell)
package:        tcsh
version:        6.06
parts:          interpreter, manual page, html manual
author:         Christos Zoulas <>
description:    a modified C-Shell with history editing
ports:          unix, VMS_POSIX, nearing completion: OS/2 EMX.
updated:        1994/06/27

language:       ERGO-Shell (a window-based Unix shell)
package:        ERGO-Shell
version:        2.1
parts:          interpreter
author:         Regine Freitag <>
location:       ftp gmd/ergo/? from
description:    An ergonomic window-based Unix shell for software engineers.
                [Can one program in ERGO-Shell? --ed]
bugs:           Relative path names are not expanded on the SUN 3 port,
                expansion ability on SUN 4 only on certain conditions.
requires:       Needs X-windows (X11R4) or OSF/Motif (revision 1.1)
ports:          Sun 4
contact:        Dr. Wolfgang Dzida, GMD <> or the author
updated:        1993/06/04

language:       es (a functional shell)
package:        es
version:        0.84
parts:          interpreter
author:         Byron Rakitzis <>, Paul Haahr <>
location:       ftp pub/es/es-0.84.tar.Z from
description:    shell with higher order functions
                + builtin features implemented as redefineable functions
updated:        1993/04/30

language:       ESL
package:        ESL
version:        0.2
parts:          ?
author:         David J. Hughes <>
location: [] in /pub/Bond_Uni/Minerva
description:    Styled scripting language with automatic allocation,
                associative arrays, compilation to host-independent binary
                format, bindings to CMU-SNMP library
ports:          SPARC (under Sun OS 4.1.1), Solaris 2.3, Ultrix 4.3, Linux 1.0
updated:        1994/07/12

language:       Glish
package:        glish
version:        2.4.1
parts:          interpreter, C++ class library, user manual
author:         Vern Paxson <>
location:       ftp glish/glish-2.4.1.tar.Z from
description:    Glish is an interpretive language for building loosely-coupled
                distributed systems from modular, event-oriented programs.
                These programs are written in conventional languages such as C,
                C++, or Fortran.  Glish scripts can create local and remote
                processes and control their communication.  Glish also provides
                a full, array-oriented programming language (similar to S) for
                manipulating binary data sent between the processes.  In
                general Glish uses a centralized communication model where
                interprocess communication passes through the Glish
                interpreter, allowing dynamic modification and rerouting of
                data values, but Glish also supports point-to-point links
                between processes when necessary for high performance.
reference:      "Glish: A User-Level Software Bus for Loosely-Coupled
                Distributed Systems," Vern Paxson and Chris Saltmarsh,
                Proceedings of the 1993 Winter USENIX Conference, San Diego,
                CA, January, 1993.
requires:       C++
ports:          SunOS, Ultrix, HP/UX (rusty)
updated:        1993/11/01

language:       ici
package:        ici
version:        ?
parts:          interpreter, documentation, examples
author:         Tim Long
location:       ftp pub/ici.tar.Z from
                ftp pub/oz/ici.tar.Z from
description:    ICI has dynamic arrays, structures and typing with the flow
                control constructs, operators and syntax of C.  There are
                standard functions to provided the sort of support provided
                by the standard I/O and the C libraries, as well as additional
                types and functions to support common needs such as simple
                data bases and character based screen handling.
features:       + direct access to many system calls
                + structures, safe pointers, floating point
                + simple, non-indexed built in database
                + terminal-based windowing library
ports:          Sun4, 80x86 Xenix, NextStep, MSDOS, HP-UX
portability:    high
status:         actively developed.
discussion:     send "help" to
contact:        Andy Newman <>
updated:        1994/04/18

language:       Icon
package:        icon
version:        8.8 (8.7, 8.5, 8.0 depending on platform)
parts:          interpreter, compiler (some platforms), library (v8.8)
author:         Ralph Griswold <ra...@CS.ARIZONA.EDU>
location:       ftp icon/* from
                MS-DOS version: ftp norman/ from
description:    Icon is a high-level, general purpose programming language that
                contains many features for processing nonnumeric data,
                particularly for textual material consisting of string of
                characters.  Some features are reminiscent of SNOBOL, which
                Griswold had previously designed.
                - no packages, one name-space
                - no exceptions
                + object oriented features
                + records, sets, lists, strings, tables
                + unlimited line length
                - unix interface is primitive
                + co-expressions
reference:      "The Icon Programming Language", Ralph E. Griswold and
                 Madge T. Griswold, Prentice Hall, seond edition, 1990.
                "The Implementation of the Icon Programming Language",
                 Ralph E. Griswold and Madge T. Griswold, Princeton
                 University Press 1986
ports:          Amiga, Atari, CMS, Macintosh, Macintosh/MPW, MSDOS, MVS, OS/2,
                Unix (most variants), VMS, Acorn
discussion:     comp.lang.icon
       for MS-DOS version
updated:        1992/08/21

language:       Icon
iref:           (BNF) Ibpag2

language:       IVY
package:        Ivy
version:        experimental
parts:          interpreter
author:         Joseph H Allen <>
location:       alt.sources 1993/09/28 <>
description:    A language with a pleasant syntax compared to perl, tcl or
                lisp.  It has nice features like low punctuation count, blocks
                indicated by indentation, and similarity to normal procedural
                languages.  This language started out as an idea for an
                extension language for the editor JOE.
updated:        1993/09/28

language:       Korn Shell
package:        SKsh
version:        2.1
parts:          interpreter, utilities
author:         Steve Koren <>
location:       ftp pub/amiga/incom*/utils/SKsh021.lzh from
description:    SKsh is a Unix ksh-like shell which runs under AmigaDos.
                it provides a Unix like environment but supports many
                AmigaDos features such as resident commands, ARexx, etc.
                Scripts can be written to run under either ksh or SKsh,
                and many of the useful Unix commands such as xargs, grep,
                find, etc. are provided.
ports:          Amiga
updated:        1992/12/16

language:       Bourne Shell
package:        Bash (Bourne Again SHell)
version:        1.14.5
parts:          parser(yacc), interpreter, documentation
author:         Brian Fox <>
description:    Bash is a Posix compatible shell with full Bourne shell syntax,
                and some C-shell commands built in.  The Bourne Again Shell
                supports emacs-style command-line editing, job control,
                functions, and on-line help.  
bugs:           gnu.bash.bug,
restriction:    GNU General Public License
updated:        1995/07

language:       Korn Shell
package:        pdksh
version:        5.1.3
parts:          interpreter, documentation (complete man page)
author:         Michael Rendell <> (maintainer)
description:    pdksh is a public domain implementation of ksh88.  pdksh was
                started by Eric Gisin based on Charles Forsyth's version
                of sh.  It has since been maintained by John R MacMillan and
                Simon J. Gerraty and is currently maintained by Michael
conformance:    Only major feature not implemented (yet) is Korn's
                @(patter1|pattern2|..) style pattern matching.  A few
                other things are also missing like trap DEBUG (see NOTES
                file in distribution for details).
bugs:           should be reported to
restriction:    none
ports:          Most unix boxes (uses GNU autoconf), OS2.
status:         active (missing ksh88 features being added, being made POSIX
announcements:  posted to comp.unix.shells newsgroup (also, send mail to
                pdksh-request to be placed on a mailing list for announcements)
updated:        1994/12/22

language:       LPC
package:        LPC4
version:        4.05.11
parts:          interpreter, bytecode compiler, documentation, sample scripts,
                sample mudlib
author:         Fredrik Hubinette <>
location:       ftp pub/lpmud/drivers/profezzorn/* from
description:    A development of Lars Pensj|'s language for MUD, with
                script-running capability. LPC has a syntax similar to C,
                but works internally like Perl or some one-cell Lisp.
features:       mappings, dynamic arrays, binary strings (ie. they
                can contain zeros) and socket communication functions
restriction:    May currently not be used for monetary gain.
                (Imposed by Lars Pensj|)
requires:       yacc/byacc/bison
ports:          dynix, hp-ux, Sunos4, Solaris, Linux
portability:    Should work fine on most Unix.
updated:        1994/06/04

language:       lua
package:        lua
version:        2.2
parts:          bytecode compiler, grammar(yacc, lex), library, documentation,
                examples, run-time, interpreter
author:         TeCGraf, the Computer Graphics Technology Group of PUC-Rio,
                the Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
                contact Luiz Henrique de Figueiredo <>
description:    Lua is a language for extending applications.
features:       simple syntax, variables need no declaration.
                associative arrays, user-controlled type constructors.
                variable number of arguments and multiple return values in
restriction:    Lua is not in the public domain;  TeCGraf keeps its copyright.
                Nevertheless, Lua is freely available for academic purposes.
                For commercial purposes, please contact TeCGraf.
ports:          unix (Sun, AIX, dec), DOS, MacOS
portability:    Lua is written in ANSI C and is completely portable.
updated:        1995/11/28

language:       Perl (Practical Extraction and Report Language)
package:        perl5
version:        5.002
parts:          interpreter, debugger, libraries, tests, documentation
author:         Larry Wall <>
location:       many!
   Czech Rep.:
   Netherlands: ftp://
   New Zealand:
description:    Perl5 is a major rewrite and enhancement to perl4.  It adds
                real data structures (by way of "references"), un-adorned
                subroutine calls, and method inheritance.  It is repackaged
                with many extensions that can be dynamically loaded in the
                interpreter at runtime.
features:       + very-high semantic density becuase of powerful operators
                like regular expression substitution
                + no arbitrary limits
                + exceptions
                + variables can be tied to arbitrary code (like dbm)
                + direct access to almost all system calls
                + can access binary data
                + many powerful idioms for common tasks
                + 8-bit clean, including nulls
                + dynamic loading of extensions
                + constructors, destructors, multiple inheritence, and
                  operator overloading
                + support for writing secure systems
                + many useful libraries and extensions
                "Programming Perl" by Larry Wall and Randal L. Schwartz,
                 O'Reilly & Associates, Inc.  Sebastopol, CA.
                 ISBN 0-93715-64-1
                "Learning Perl" by Randal L. Schwartz,
                 O'Reilly & Associates, Inc.  Sebastopol, CA.
                 ISBN 1-56592-042-2
extensions:     + Tk - easy to use X11 interface
                + tcl - dynamically load Tcl into perl
                + Curses - sreen-based
                + CGI - easy web programming
                + perlmenu -
                + DDI - interfaces to many relational databases
                + Safe - secure execution of untrusted code
                + Penguin - distributed secure execution of untrusted code
bugs:           Send bugs to <>
lref:           Tk
lref:           Tcl
ports:          Almost all unix systems, Amiga, Atari, LynxOS, Macintosh,
                MPE, MS-DOS, MVS, Netware, OS/2, QNX, VMS, Windows 3.x,
                Windows NT (
portability:    Extreamly high.
updated:        1996/02/29

language:       Perl (Practical Extraction and Report Language)
package:        perl
version:        4.0 patchlevel 36
parts:          interpreter, debugger, libraries, tests, documentation
author:         Larry Wall <>
location:       ftp pub/perl.4.0/* from
    OS/2:       ftp pub/os2/all/unix/prog*/ from
    Macintosh:  ftp software/mac/src/mpw_c/Mac_Perl_405_* from
    Amiga:      ftp perl4.035.V010.* from
    VMS:        ftp software/vms/perl/* from
    Atari:      ftp amiga/Languages/perl* from
    MSDOS:      ftp pub/msdos/perl/* from
                ftp pub/msdos/perl/bperl* from
    Windows NT:
    MVS:        ftp dist/perl-4036.tar.Z from
    Netware:    contact Jack Thomasson <Jack_Thomas...@Novell.COM>
description:    perl is an interpreted language optimized for scanning
                arbitrary text files, extracting information from those text
                files, and printing reports based on that information.  It's
                also a good language for many system management tasks.  
reference:      "Programming Perl" by Larry Wall and Randal L. Schwartz,
                 O'Reilly & Associates, Inc.  Sebastopol, CA.
                 ISBN 0-93715-64-1
                "Learning Perl" by Randal L. Schwartz,
                 O'Reilly & Associates, Inc.  Sebastopol, CA.
                 ISBN 1-56592-042-2
                The perl FAQ, ftp from
features:       + very-high semantic density becuase of powerful operators
                like regular expression substitution
                + exceptions, provide/require
                + associative array can be bound to dbm files
                + no arbitrary limits
                + direct access to almost all system calls
                + can access binary data
                + many powerful idioms for common tasks
                + 8-bit clean, including nulls
                - three variable types: scalar, array, and hash table
                - syntax requires variable and function prefix characters
bugs:           comp.lang.perl; Larry Wall <>
ports:          almost all unix, MSDOS, Mac, Amiga, Atari, OS/2, VMS, NT, MVS
portability:    very high for unix, not so high for others
discussion:     comp.lang.perl
updated:        1993/02/07

language:       perl, awk, sed, find
package:        a2p, s2p, find2perl
version:        ?
parts:          translators(->perl)
author:         Larry Wall
location:       comes with perl
description:    translators to turn awk, sed, and find programs into perl
updated:        ?

language:       Perl
package:        perl profiler.
version:        ? 1
parts:          profiler
author:         Anthony Iano-Fletcher <>
location:       Source posted on comp.lang.perl in mid-June 1993
description:    Profiles Perl scripts (mkpprof).
                Collates data from Perl scripts (pprof)
updated:        1993/06/17

language:       Proxy
package:        Proxy
version:        1.4
parts:          interpreter, documentation
author:         Burt Leavenworth <>
location:       ftp pub/scheme-repository/scm/ from
description:    Proxy is an interpreter dor a rapid prototyping/specification
                language with C/C++ like syntax based on modelling software
                using data structures such as sets, maps, sequences, structures
                and objectss. It allows the developer to make incremental
                changes to a design and test them immediately. Proxy is written
                in Scheme, provides a Scheme interface.
                New in version 1.4 is a non-preemptive CSP-like multi-tasking facility.
ports:          MS-DOS
updated:        1994/09/23

language:       Python
package:        Python
version:        1.3
parts:          interpeter, libraries, documentation, emacs macros
author:         Guido van Rossum <>
                OS/2 port by:
                   Simon K Johnston <>
location:       ftp pub/python* from
    N.America:  ftp pub/plan/python from
    N.America:  ftp languages/python from
    Europe:     ftp pub/unix/languages/python from
    Finland:    ftp pub/languages/python from
    UK:         ftp uunet/languages/python from
description:    Python is a simple, yet powerful programming language
                that bridges the gap between C and shell programming,
                and is thus ideally suited for rapid prototyping.  Its
                syntax is put together from constructs borrowed from a
                variety of other languages; most prominent are
                influences from ABC, C, Modula-3 and Icon.  Python is
                object oriented and is suitable for fairly large programs.
                + packages
                + exceptions
                + good C interface
                + dynamic loading of C modules
                + methods, inheritance
                - arbitrary restrictions
                + supports the native windowing system with most platforms
                - does not support a common windowing api across platforms
                A beta release of the X extension for Python release 1.3 is
                now available by anonymous ftp from
                Preformatted documentation is available from
reference:      Python documentation
extensions:     tkinter (Tcl's Tk), termios, curses, syslog, sybase
lref:           Tk
ports:          unix, Macintosh, OS/2, Windows 3.1 (with Win32s), Windows NT
updated:        1995/04/10

language:       Python
iref:           (BNF variant) kwParsing ?

language:       PILOT
package:        pilot
version:        1.6
parts:          compiler(->C), interpreter, library, documentation, examples,
                tutorial, test suite.
author:         Eric S. Raymond <>
location:       ftp
                (in the Museum of Retrocomputing)
description:    PILOT is a primitive CAI language first designed in 1962 on IBM
                mainframes.  It is rather weak and has very odd lexical rules,
                but is easy to learn and use.  I wrote this implementation
                strictly as a hack, but it works and does include an
                interactive tutorial written in PILOT itself which is also a
                decent test load.  This implementation is both an interpreter
                for the PILOT language and a compiler for it using C as an
                intermediate language.
conformance:    Reference implementation of the IEEE Standard for PILOT, 1154-1191
bugs:           report to Eric S. Raymond <>
restrictions:   If you plan to make money from it, contact the author.
portability:    Any ANSI C host.
announcements:  comp.lang.misc,alt.lang.intercal
updated:        1994/10/16

language:       Python
package:        vpApp
version:        0.2
parts:          Class Library, User Reference
author:         Per Spilling <>
                Real Name <email@address>
location: in /pub/python/vpApp.tar.gz.
description:    vpApp = visual-programming application.  It supports the
                building of applications in Python.
requires:       Python interpreter with built-in X support.
updated:        1994/05/06

language:       Q (also small subsets of Common Lisp and Scheme)
package:        Q
version:        ? 1
parts:          interpreter, compiler framework, libraries, documentation
author:         Per Bothner <>
location:       ftp pub/Q.* from
description:    Q is a very high-level programming language, and a test-bed for
                programming language ideas.  Where APL uses arrays to explicit
                looping, Q uses generalized sequences (finite or infinite,
                stored or calculated on demand).  It has lexical scoping, and
                some support for logical and constraint programming.  The
                syntax was designed for convenient interactive use.  A macro
                facility together with primitives to run programs is used to
                make an interactive command language with full shell features.
                The Q system is written in C++, and its run-time code may be
                useful to people implementing other languages.
ports:          Linux and SUN 4
portability:    Should work on 32-bit Unix-like systems
updated:        1993/06/07

language:       REXX
package:        The Regina Rexx Interpreter
version:        0.05i
parts:          interpreter, documentation, test programs
author:         Anders Christensen <>
location:       ftp pub/rexx/regina-0.05g.tar.Z from
    N.America:  ftp pub/freerexx/regina/regina-0.05d.tar.Z
description:    A Rexx interpreter.  The VMS version has an almost complete
                set of DCL lexical functions in the interpreter.  Ports to
                MS-DOS and OS/2 exist by lack special support for these
conformance:    Almost completely to Rexx Language Level 4.00 with some
                Rexx SAA API extensions.
restriction:    GNU General Public License
ports:          Unix, VMS, MS-DOS (partial), OS/2 (partial)
discussion:     comp.lang.rexx
updated:        1993/10/15

language:       REXX
package:        ?
version:        102
parts:          interpreter
author:         ? al ?
location:       ftp alrexx/rx102.tar.Z from
    USA:        ftp ? from
description:    ?
requires:       C++
ports:          unix
discussion:     comp.lang.rexx
contact:        ?
updated:        1992/05/13

language:       REXX
package:        REXX/imc
version:        1.6
parts:          Interpreter, documentation.
author:         Ian Collier <>
location:       ftp pub/freerexx/imc/rexx-imc-1.6.tar.Z from
description:    REXX for Unix.  A general-purpose programming language
                designed by Mike Cowlishaw of IBM UK for readability and
                ease of use.  Also useful as a control language for Unix
                or for applications which make use of REXX's programming
                interface (REXX/imc may be compiled as a dynamic C library
                for applications to include on some systems).  REXX is an
                official scripting language of VM/CMS, OS/2 and AmigaDOS.
conformance:    REXX language level 4.00 (more or less), with some small
                extensions.  The C programming interface is a subset of
                the SAA interface exhibited by OS/2 REXX.
reference:      "The REXX Language" 2nd edition, by M.F. Cowlishaw;
                Prentice-Hall 1990.
ports:          SunOS, AIX 3.2
portability:    Requires Unix-domain sockets (restriction may be relaxed in
                the future).  Dynamic link function dlopen() is useful but
                not essential.
status:         Under slow development.  Contact author for help/support.
discussion:     comp.lang.rexx (general forum for all REXX-related products).
announcements:  comp.lang.rexx
updated:        1994/05/18

language:       sed
package:        GNU sed
version:        2.04
parts:          interpreter, documentation
author:         Tom Lord <>
location:       ftp sed-* from a GNU archive site
description:    A SED interpreter.  Sed is a stream editing filter language.
features:       Modulo n line addressing.
updated:        1994/04/30

language:       rc (Plan 9 shell)
package:        rc
version:        1.4
parts:          interpretor
author:         Byron Rakitzis <>
location:       ftp pub/rc/* from
description:    a free implementation of the Plan 9 shell.
updated:        1992/05/26

language:       S-Lang
package:        slang
version:        0.94
parts:          interpreter, documentation, examples
author:         John E. Davis <>
location:       ftp pub/slang/* from
description:    A small but highly functional embedded interpreter.  S-Lang was
                a stack-based postfix language resembling Forth and BC/DC with
                limited support for infix notation.   Now it has a C-like infix
                syntax.  Arrays, Stings, Integers, Floating Point, and
                Autoloading are all suported.  The editor JED embeds S-lang.
restriction:    GNU Library General Public License
ports:          MSDOS, Unix, VMS
portability:    Must be compiled with large memory model on MSDOS.
updated:        1993/06/12

language:       Snobol4
package:        beta2
version:        0.91
parts:          compiler(->C)
author:         Phil Budne <>
location:       ftp snobol4/budne/beta2.tar.Z from
description:    An implementation of Ralph Griswold's SNOBOL 4, a classic early
                language design specialized for text and string manipulation
                that (among other things) influenced UNIX rexexp syntax. See
                also Icon. This compiler is implemented as macro programs
                in SIL (SNOBOL Implementation Language); this is a SIL
                implementation plus macros with C as the target language.
features:       + supports loading of C library functions on BSD systems
ports:          various UNIX flavors, including 'generic' and 'POSIX' APIs
updated:        1986/06/24

language:       Snobol4
package:        vanilla
version:        ?
parts:          compiler, documentation
author:         Catspaw, Inc.
location:       ftp snobol4/vanilla.arc from
description:    An implementation of Ralph Griswold's SNOBOL 4, a classic early
                language design specialized for text and string manipulation
                that (among other things) influenced UNIX rexexp syntax. See
                also Icon. This implementation is closely related to Phil
                Budne's 'beta2' SNOBOL.
ports:          MSDOS
contact:        ?
updated:        1994/11/01

language:       ssh (Steve's Shell)
package:        ssh
version:        1.7
parts:          interpreter
author:         Steve Baker <> with help from Thomas Moore
location:       comp.sources.unix volume 26
description:    A unix shell with a lot of csh/ksh-like features.
ports:          sequent, sun, next, ultrix, bsdi
updated:        1993/04/15

language:       subscript
package:        sub (seismic unix basic)
version:        0.9
parts:          Embedded interpreter, demo application, User's Guide,
                example inputs for demo.
author:         Martin L. Smith (
location: ( in
description:    subscript is a bytecode-compiled scripting language that
                provides a convenient way of manipulating binary stream
                data.  It is currently distributed embedded in a demo
                application (sub), which illustrates the processing of
                seismic data, but the interpreter/compiler core is
                portable to other applications.
features:       the interpreted language provides atomic manipulation
                of vectors of floating-point values.
requires:       yacc.
ports:          Unixware 1.x, SunOS 4.x, NextStep, Linux 0.99.
status:         Undergoing active development, with future inclusion into
                the Colorado School of Mines' Seismic Unix package.
updated:        ?

language:       Tcl (Tool Command Language)
package:        Tcl
version:        7.4
parts:          interpreter, libraries, tests, documentation
author:         John Ousterhout <>
    MSDOS: in /pub/tcl/distrib/
    Examples:   ftp tcl/* from
    Kanji:      ftp pub/lang/tcl/jp/tk3.2jp-patch.Z from
    OS/2:       ftp /os2/unix/ from
description:    A small text-oriented embedded language similar to LISP with
                add-on extensions that allow it to also function more as a
                shell.  Tcl also allows algebraic expressions to be written
                for simplicity and convenience.  Its greatest strength lies
                in its uniform representation of everything as a string.
                This is also its weakness.
                + may be used as an embedded interpreter
                + exceptions, packages (called libraries)
                - only a single name-space
                + provide/require
                - no dynamic loading ability
                + 8-bit clean
                - only three variable types: strings, lists, associative arrays
bugs:           ?
requires:       DOS port requires Desqview/X.
ports:          MSDOS, others in progress (see comp.lang.tcl FAQ)
discussion:     comp.lang.tcl
updated:        1993/11/15

language:       Tcl, Tk
package:        Tk
version:        4.0
parts:          GUI library
author:         John Ousterhout <ous...@sprite.Berkeley.EDU>
description:    Tk is a X11 gui library that is designed to interoperate
                with Tcl. It provides a very easy way to create sophisticated
                applications.  The appearance of Tk is very similar to Motif.
updated:        1993/11/15

language:       Tcl
package:        BOS (The Basic Object System)
version:        1.31
parts:          library
author:         Sean Levy <>
location:       ftp tcl/? from
description:    BOS is a C-callable library that implements the notion of
                object and which uses Tcl as its interpreter for interpreted
                methods (you can have "compiled" methods in C, and mix compiled
                and interpreted methods in the same object, plus lots more
                stuff).  I regularly (a) subclass and (b) mixin existing
                objects using BOS to extend, among other things, the set of tk
                widgets (I have all tk widgets wrapped with BOS "classes"). BOS
                is a class-free object system, also called a prototype-based
                object system; it is modeled loosely on the Self system from
updated:        1992/08/21

language:       Tcl
package:        Tcl-DP
version:        3.3
parts:          library
author:         Brian Smith and Lawrence Rowe
description:    Tcl-DP extends the "send" by removing the restriction
                that you can only send to other clients of the same
                X11 server.  [could someone give a better description? --ed]
contact:        tcl...@roger-rabbit.CS.Berkeley.EDU
bugs:           tcl-dp-b...@roger-rabbit.CS.Berkeley.EDU
updated:        1995/06/20

language:       Tcl
package:        Tickle
version:        5.0v1
parts:          editor, file translator, interpreter
location:       /pub/vendor/ice/tickle/Tickle5.0v1.hqx from
description:    A Macintosh Tcl interprter and library.  It includes a
                text editor (>32k); file translation utilities; support
                for tclX extensions; some unix-equivelent utilites; access
                to Macintosh functions (Resource Manager, Communications
                Toolbox, OSA Components, Editions, and Apple Events); OSA
                Script Support; and Drag and Drop.
requires:       ?
ports:          Mac
portability:    Mac-specific package
updated:        1994/01/12
lref:           Tcl

language:       Tcl
package:        Wafe
version:        1.0
parts:          interface
author:         Gustaf Neumann <>
location:       ftp pub/src/X11/wafe/wafe-1.0.tar.gz from
description:    Wafe (Widget[Athena]front end) is a package that implements
                a symbolic interface to the Athena widgets (X11R5) and
                OSF/Motif.  A typical Wafe application consists of two
                parts: a front-end (Wafe) and an application program which
                runs typically as a separate process.  The distribution
                contains sample application programs in Perl, GAWK, Prolog,
                Tcl, C and Ada talking to the same Wafe binary.
portability:    very high, just needs X11R4 or X11R5.
discussion:     send "subscribe Wafe <Your Name>" to
updated:        1994/06/26

language:       Tcl
package:        Extended Tcl (tclx)
version:        7.4a
parts:          library
author:         Mark Diekhans <>,
                Karl Lehenbauer <>
description:    Extended Tcl adds statements to the Tcl language to provide
                high-level access unix system primitives.
updated:        1994/07/17

language:       Tcl
package:        tcl-debug
version:        ?
parts:          debugger
author:         Don Libes <>
location:       ftp pub/expect/tcl-debug.tar.Z from
description:    A debugger for Tcl that can be easily embedded in other
                applications.  It is included with many other Tcl libraries.
updated:        ?

language:       Tcl
package:        MTtcl - Multi-threaded Tcl
version:        0.9
parts:          interpreter, library
description:    The MTtcl package gives Tcl/Tk programmers access to the
                multi-threading features of Solaris 2.  The package comes in
                two parts; a modified version of Tcl 7.4, and a Tcl threads
                Modifications were necessary to enable Tcl to work "safely" in
                the presence of multiple threads.  The Tcl interpretter uses a
                number of static and global variables to execute scripts.  If
                two threads are using the same global, the behavior of the
                script may be unpredictable.  This "safe" Tcl is called
                MT-Sturdy Tcl.
                The threads extension brings multi-thread programming into the
                Tcl environment.  Multiple scripts can be interpretted
                simultaneously with communication and synchronization between
                scripts.  There is special support for using threads in Tk
                scripts.  Documentation for the threads commands are in the
                form of man pages.
requires:       Sparc, Solaris 2.3, Sparcworks 3.0 C compiler, Tcl 7.4, Tk 4.0
ports:          Sparc Solaris 2.3
updated:        1994/11/02

language:       Tcl
package:        Cygnus Tcl Tools
version:        Release-930124
parts:          ?
author:         david d 'zoo' zuhn <>
location:       ftp pub/tcltools-* from
description:    A rebundling of Tcl and Tk into the Cyngus GNU build
                framework with 'configure'.
updated:        1993/01/24

language:       Tcl
package:        tclmidi
version:        2.0
parts:          ?? interpreter, documentation
author:         Mike Durian <>
location:       comp.sources.misc (v43i109)
description:    A language based on Tcl for creating/editing MIDI files.  With
                the proper driver interface it can play them too.  It supports
                function calls, recursion and conditionals (e.g. making the
                chorus of your song a function, using loops for repeats,
                etc.)  Device drivers supplied for BSD, Linux and SVR4.
requires:       Tcl-7.X
portability:    Should work on POSIX compliant systems.
updated:        1994/07/25

language:       Tcl
package:        narray
version:        0.10
author:         Sam Shen <>
description:    NArray is an extension to help Tcl cope with large in-memory
                numeric arrays.  NArray's require only a few more bytes than
                the storage required by the array.  In addition to providing
                array referencing and setting, narray allows functions to be
                mapped over each element of the array.  These functions are
                compiled into byte code for performance about 100x faster than
                straight tcl and only 5-10x slower than C.  (These numbers are
                ball-park figures, actual results depend on the situation.)
                If you have netCDF, then narray's can be saved to and loaded from
                netCDF files.
updated:        1994/09/24

language:       Tcl, Tk
package:        tknt
version:        3.6 release 6beta4
parts:          interpeter, libraries, documentation
author:         port by Gordon Chaffee <chaf...@bugs-bunny.CS.Berkeley.EDU>
                and Lawrence A. Rowe <la...@cs.Berkeley.EDU> based on work by
                Ken Kubota of the University of Kentucky and Software Research
                Associates, Inc. of Japan.
description:    A port of Tcl/Tk and Tcl-DP to Windows NT.  It has run under
                Windows NT 3.1, Windows NT 3.5, and in part on Windows 95 final
                Beta. Small parts of this distribution were taken from the
                tkwin package by Ken Kubota of the Mathematical Sciences
                Computing Facility at the University of Kentucky.
bugs:           t...@plateau.CS.Berkeley.EDU
updated:        1995/05/24

language:       Tcl
package:        Object Tcl
version:        1.0
parts:          Tcl extension package including language reference, C++
                binding reference.
author:         Dean Sheehan <>
location: (source & doc)
    UK: (source & doc)
       (source only)
description:    Object Tcl is a standard Tcl extension package that
                supports object oriented programming within Tcl with a
                tight object oriented coupling to C++.
requires:       Tcl 7.?
updated:        1995/08/29

language:       Marpa
package:        Marpa
version:        2.8
parts:          parser-generator, examples, document
author:         Jeffrey Kegler <>
location:       ftp /pub/jeffrey/marpa/v2.8/marpa.2.8.tar.gz
description:    Marpa is a TCL 7.3 extended with an ambiguous context-free
                parser which uses Earley's algorithm.  It is hacker friendly,
                with a variety of handy features.  It is intended for use in
                implementing parsers that use the same crude but effective
                approaches to parsing that humans use, whether these humans
                be reading natural language or computer code.  TCL code is
                attached to every production, explicitly or by default, and
                this is used to evaluate the result of the parse.  
                Speed is reasonable if not blinding, and Marpa is in use in
                some applications.  Marpa is the outcome of the Milarepa
                prototype which implemented a different general parsing
                algorithm in Perl.
restriction:    GNU Public License Version 2
requires:       TCL 7.3, GNU C compiler, GNU Make
updated:        1995/04/19

language:       Expect
package:        Expect
version:        5.12
parts:          interpreter, library, debugger, examples, documentation
author:         Don Libes <>
location:       ftp pub/expect/expect.tar.gz from
description:    Used to automate, test, or GUI-ize interactive programs
                without any changes to underlying programs.  Standalone
                version is driven with Tcl.  A library is provided for use
                with C, C++, or any language that can call C functions.
reference:      "Exploring Expect", ISBN 1-56592-090-2, publisher: O'Reilly.
                Man pages included with software distribution.
                Numerous technical papers in conferences and journals,
                 some of which are available via anonymous ftp from
restriction:    Expect itself is public-domain.  Certain pieces such as Tcl
                are copyrighted but have unlimited availability.
                Nothing is GNU copylefted.
requires:       UNIX or something like it
ports:          ported to all UNIX systems and some non-UNIX systems
portability:    uses autoconf for automatic configuration
status:         stable, but certain extensions are being actively developed
discussion:     comp.lang.tcl
help:           author or comp.lang.tcl (or see next support field)
support:        official: Cygnus Support, unofficial: author, comp.lang.tcl,
contributions:  Awards or thank-you letters gratefully accepted.
announcements:  comp.lang.tcl
contact:        author
updated:        1994/11/25

language:       Z-shell
package:        zsh
version:        2.5.0
parts:          interpreter
author:         Paul Falstad <>
location:       ftp pub/bas/zsh/zsh-*.tar.z from
                comp.sources.misc (v43i089)
description:    zsh is most similar to ksh, while many of the additions are to
                please csh users.
features:       + multi-line commands editable as a single buffer,
                + variable editing (vared),
                + command buffer stack,
                + recursive globbing,
                + manipulation of arrays,
                + spelling correction.
ports:          Berkeley-based Unix, SVR4-based Unix
updated:        1994/07/13

functional languages
category:       functional languages
description:    [someone have a good one-liner?  --ed]
lref:           es
lref:           LIFE
lref:           ALLOY

language:       Caml
package:        CAML
version:        3.1
parts:          compiler, interactive development environment
author:         Ascander Suarez, Pierre Weis, Michel Mauny, others (INRIA)
location:       ftp lang/caml/* from
description:    Caml is a programming language from the ML/Standard ML family,
                with functions as first-class values, static type inference
                with polymorphic types, user-defined variant and product
                types, and pattern-matching. The CAML V3.1 implementation
                adds lazy and mutable data structures, a "grammar" mechanism
                for interfacing with the Yacc parser generator,
                pretty-printing tools, high-performance arbitrary-precision
                arithmetic, and a complete library.
ports:          Sun-3 Sun-4 Sony-68k Sony-R3000 Decstation Mac-A/UX Apollo
portability:    low (built on a proprietary runtime system)
status:         maintained but no longer developed
contact:        Pierre Weis <>
updated:        1991/10/20

language:       Caml
package:        Caml Light
version:        0.7
parts:          bytecode compiler, emacs mode, libraries, scanner generator,
                parser generator, runtime, interactive development environment
author:         Xavier Leroy, Damien Doligez (INRIA)
location:       ftp lang/caml-light/* from
description:    Caml is a programming language from the ML/Standard ML family,
                with functions as first-class values, static type inference
                with polymorphic types, user-defined variant and product
                types, and pattern-matching. The Caml Light implementation
                adds a Modula-2-like module system, separate compilation,
                lazy streams for parsing and printing, graphics primitives,
                and an interface with C.
features:       very small
ports:          most unix, Macintosh, MSDOS (16 and 32 bit modes), Windows, Atari ST
portability:    very high
status:         actively developed
contact:        Xavier Leroy <>
updated:        1995/07/06

language:       CAML, Bigloo
package:        Camloo
version:        0.2
parts:          ?
author:         ?,
location:       ftp from [], in Camloo0.2
description:    An implementation of CAML in Bigloo.  It can be considered as
                an alternative to the regular camlc compiler.  In particular,
                it has successfully compiled many complex Caml Light programs,
                including camlc and the Coq system (the ``calculus of
                constructions'', a proof assistant).
conformance:    Full compliance with Caml Light 0.6 and Caml Light Libraries
                (including camlyacc and camllex).
requires:       Bigloo1.6c (available from same address).
updated:        1994/06/13

language:       Concurrent Clean
package:        The Concurrent Clean System
version:        1.0.2
parts:          development environment, documentation, compiler(byte-code),
                compiler(native), interpreter(byte-code), examples
author:         Research Group on Functional Languages,
                Research Institute for Declarative Systems,
                University of Nijmegen
location:       ftp pub/Clean/* from
description:    The Concurrent Clean system is a programming environment for
                the lazy functional language Concurrent Clean, developed at the
                University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands. The system is one of
                the fastest implementations of functional languages available
                at the moment. Its I/O libraries make it possible to do modern,
                yet purely functional I/O (including windows, menus, dialogs
                + lazy and purely functional
                + partial strict data types
                + strongly typed - based on Milner/Mycroft scheme
                + existential types
                + uniqueness types
                + type classes and type constructor classes
                + record types
                + module structure
                + modern I/O
                + programmer-infulenced evaluation order by annotations
                + parallel and distributed evaluation
ports:          Macintosh, PowerMac (native), Sun-4, Linux, OS2
updated:        1995/08/03

language:       FP
package:        funcproglang
version:        1.0
parts:          translator(C)
author:         E. S. Biagioni
location:       comp.sources.unix archive volume 13
description:    Backus FP languag
updated:        1987

language:       Gofer (Haskell derivative)
package:        Gofer
version:        2.30
parts:          interpreter, compiler(->C), documentation, examples
author:         Mark Jones <>
location:       ftp pub/haskell/gofer/* from
    UK:         ftp pub/haskell/gofer/* from
    Sweden:     ftp pub/haskell/gofer/* from
description:    Gofer is based quite closely on the Haskell programming
                language, version 1.2.  It supports lazy evaluation, higher
                order functions, pattern matching, polymorphism, overloading
                etc and runs on a wide range of machines.
conformance:    Gofer does not implement all of Haskell, although it is
                very close.
ports:          many, including Sun, PC, Mac, Atari, Amiga
status:         maintained but not developed (for a while anyway)
updated:        1994/06/10

language:       Gofer
iref:           (BNF ?) Ratatosk

language:       Haskell
package:        Chalmers Haskell (aka Haskell B.)
version:        0.999.5
parts:          compiler, interpreter, library, documentation, examples
author:         Lennart Augustsson <>
location:       ftp pub/haskell/chalmers/* from
    UK:         ftp pub/haskell/chalmers/* from
    Sweden:     ftp pub/haskell/chalmers/* from
description:    Full-featured implementation of Haskell 1.2,
                with quite a few "Haskell B" extensions
requires:       LML
ports:          many, including Sun, DEC, Sequent, PC, Symmetry
                (unsupported versions for NS32000, RT/PC, CRAY, SUN3, VAX,
                ARM, and RS6000.)
updated:        1993/08/02

language:       Haskell
package:        Glasgow Haskell Compiler (GHC)
version:        0.26
parts:          translator (C, SPARC), profiler
author:         AQUA project, headed by Simon Peyton Jones
location:       ftp pub/haskell/glasgow/* from
    UK:         ftp pub/haskell/glasgow/* from
    Sweden:     ftp pub/haskell/glasgow/* from
description:    A near complete subset of Haskell 1.2, with numerous
                extensions from 1.3.
conformance:    All of Haskell 1.2 and some 1.3 is implemented.
reference:      Papers at (only) in pub/glasgow-fp,
                "Imperative functional programming",
                 Peyton Jones & Wadler, POPL '93
                "Unboxed data types as first-class citizens",
                 Peyton Jones & Launchbury, FPCA '91
                "Profiling lazy functional languages",
                 Sansom & Peyton Jones, Glasgow workshop '92
                "Implementing lazy functional languages on stock hardware",
                 Peyton Jones, Journal of Functional Programming, Apr 1992
features:       + An extensible I/O system is provided, based on a "monad"
                + In-line C code
                + Fully fledged unboxed data types,
                + Incrementally-updatable arrays
                + Mutable reference types.
                + Generational garbage collector
bugs:           <>
requires:       GNU C 2.1+, perl
ports:          solid: Sun4, Sun3; sort of: HP-PA, Alpha, DECstation
portability:    should be high
contact:        <>
updated:        1994/07/27

language:       Haskell
package:        Yale Haskell
version:        2.1
parts:          compiler, documentation, reference manual (dvi format)
author:         Yale Haskell project <>
location:       ftp pub/haskell/yale/* from
    UK:         ftp pub/haskell/yale/* from
    Sweden:     ftp pub/haskell/yale/* from
description:    ?
features:       X-window interface, available at the Haskell level too.
requires:       CMU Common Lisp, Lucid, Common Lisp, Allegro Common Lisp, or
                Harlequin LispWorks
ports:          SunOS 4.1.2, Sparc 10 (sun4m) 4.1.3
updated:        1994/07/29

language:       Hope
package:        ?
version:        ?
parts:          ?
author:         ?
description:    It's a fairly old functional language, its predecessor NPL
                having grown out of Burstall and Darlington's work on program
                transformation in the late 70s.  Its key innovation, algebraic
                data types and pattern matching, has since become a fixture in
                all modern functional programming languages.  When it was
                created (around 1980) it had adopted the key innovation of
                the  language ML (also developed at Edinburgh), namely
                polymorphic types, which are
                also now a standard feature in FPLs.
                In my [rap's --ed] opinion, Hope's advantage over most other
                FPLs is its small size and simplicity.  I think that makes
                it the ideal vehicle for learning functional programming.  
                I also find ithandy for prototyping various ideas, and
                sometimes I fiddle with the interpreter to add experimental
ports:          Unix, Mac, PC
contact:        Ross Paterson <>
updated:        1992/11/27

language:       IFP (Illinois Functional Programming)
package:        ifp
version:        0.5
parts:          interpreter
author:         Arch D. Robison <>
location:       comp.sources.unix archive volume 10
description:    A variant of Backus' "Functional Programming" language
                with a syntax reminiscent of Modula-2.  The interpreter
                is written in portable C.
reference:      Arch D. Robison, "Illinois Functional Programming: A
                 Tutorial," BYTE, (February 1987), pp. 115--125.
                Arch D. Robison, "The Illinois Functional
                 Programming Interpreter," Proceedings of 1987 SIGPLAN
                 Conference on Interpreters and Interpretive Techniques,
                 (June 1987), pp. 64-73
ports:          Unix, MS-DOS, CTSS (Cray)
updated:        ?

language:       ML
package:        LML
version:        ?
parts:          compiler(?), interactive environment
author:         ?
location:       ftp pup/haskell/chalmers/* from
description:    lazy, completely functional variant of ML.
ports:          ?
contact:        ?
updated:        1992/07/06

language:       Standard ML
package:        SML/NJ (Standard ML of New Jersey)
version:        0.93
parts:          compiler, libraries, extensions, interfaces, documentation,
                build facility
author:         D. B. MacQueen <>, Lal George
                <>, AJ. H. Reppy <>,
                A. W. Appel <>
location:       ftp dist/ml/* from
description:    Standard ML is a modern, polymorphically typed, (impure)
                functional language with a module system that supports flexible
                yet secure large-scale programming.  Standard ML of New Jersey
                is an optimizing native-code compiler for Standard ML that is
                written in Standard ML.  It runs on a wide range of
                architectures.  The distribution also contains:
                + an extensive library - The Standard ML of New Jersey Library,
                including detailed documentation.
                + CML - Concurrent ML
                + eXene - an elegant interface to X11 (based on CML)
                + SourceGroup - a separate compilation and "make" facility
                CML, eXene and SourceGroup not in the Macintosh port, but the
                Mac port has a built-in editor.
ports:          M68K, SPARC, MIPS, HPPA, RS/6000, I386/486, Macintosh, OS/2
updated:        1993/02/18

language:       Concurrent ML
package:        Concurrent ML
version:        0.9.8
parts:          extension
author:         ?
location:       ftp pub/CML* from or get SML/NJ
description:    Concurrent ML is a concurrent extension of SML/NJ, supporting
                dynamic thread creation, synchronous message passing on
                synchronous channels, and first-class synchronous operations.
                First-class synchronous operations allow users to tailor their
                synchronization abstractions for their application.  CML also
                supports both stream I/O and low-level I/O in an integrated
requires:       SML/NJ 0.75 (or later)
updated:        1993/02/18

language:       PFL (Persistant Functional Language)
package:        pfl
version:        0.1
parts:          ?, documentation, libraries
author:         Carol Small <>
location:       ftp pub/linux/? from
description:    PFL is a computationally complete database environment
restriction:    GNU General Public License
requires:       GNU C++
contact:        Tim Holmes <>
updated:        1994/06/01

language:       SASL
iref:           (SASL) Tim Budd's C++ implementation of Kamin's interpreters

language:       Standard ML
package:        sml2c
version:        ?
parts:          compiler(->C), documentation, tests
author:         School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University
location:       ftp /usr/nemo/sml2c/sml2c.tar.Z from
    Linux:      ftp pub/linux/smlnj-0.82-linux.tar.Z from
description:    sml2c is a Standard ML to C compiler.  sml2c is a batch
                compiler and compiles only module-level declarations,
                i.e. signatures, structures and functors.  It provides
                the same pervasive environment for the compilation of
                these programs as SML/NJ.  As a result, module-level
                programs that run on SML/NJ can be compiled by sml2c
                without any changes.  Based on SML/NJ version 0.67 and shares
                front end and most of its runtime system, but does not support
                SML/NJ style debugging and profiling.
conformance:    superset
                + first-class continuations,
                + asynchronous signal handling
                + separate compilation
                + freeze and restart programs
ports:          IBM-RT Decstation3100 Omron-Luna-88k Sun-3 Sun-4 386(Mach)
portability:    easy, easier than SML/NJ
updated:        1991/06/27

language:       Standard ML
package:        The ML Kit
version:        1
parts:          interprter, documentation
author:         Nick Rothwell, David N. Turner, Mads Tofte <>,
                and Lars Birkedal at Edinburgh and Copenhagen Universities.
location:       ftp diku/users/birkedal/* from
    UK:         ftp export/ml/mlkit/* from
description:    The ML Kit is a straight translation of the Definition of
                Standard ML into a collection of Standard ML modules.  For
                example, every inference rule in the Definition is translated
                into a small piece of Standard ML code which implements it. The
                translation has been done with as little originality as
                possible - even variable conventions from the Definition are
                carried straight over to the Kit.  The Kit is intended as a
                tool box for those people in the programming language community
                who may want a self-contained parser or type checker for full
                Standard ML but do not want to understand the clever bits of a
                high-performance compiler. We have tried to write simple code
                and modular interfaces.
updated:        1993/03/12

language:       Standard ML
package:        Moscow ML
version:        1.30
parts:          bytecode compiler, runtime, libraries, documentation
author:         Sergei Romanenko <>
description:    Moscow SML provides a light-weight implementation of the
                Standard ML Core language, a strict functional language widely
                used in teaching and research.
                Moscow SML is particularly suitable for teaching and
                experimentation, where fast compilation and modest storage
                consumption are more important than fast program execution.
                Thanks to the efficient run-time system of Caml Light, Moscow
                SML compiles fast and uses little memory.  Typically it uses
                5-10 times less memory than SML/NJ and 2-3 times less than
                Edinburgh ML.  Yet the bytecode is only 3 to 12 times slower
                than SML/NJ 0.93 compiled native code (fast on PCs, slower on
                Moscow SML implements arithmetic exceptions, and thus deals
                with the entire Core language.
requires:       Caml Light 0.61
ports:          anything Caml Light supports
updated:        1994/09/30

language:       SISAL 1.2
package:        The Optimizing SISAL Compiler
version:        12.9+
parts:          compiler, manuals, documentation, examples, debugger,
                user support
author:         Thomas M. DeBoni <>
location:       ftp pub/sisal from
description:    Sisal is a functional language aimed at parallel numerical and
                scientific programming. It provides Fortran-like performance
                (or better), automatic parallelism, and excellent portability.
                It is an easy language to learn and use; Sisal programs tend
                to be easier to read and understand than those in other
                functional or parallel languages. The Optimizing Sisal
                Compiler, OSC, allows efficient use of machine resources
                during serial or parallel execution, and guarantees
                determinate results under any execution environment.
ports:          Unix, Cray-2 Y-MP & C-90 and Convex Sequent and SGI,
                Sun/Sparc, Vax, HP, PC, Mac
portability:    Can run on many Unix machines, shared-memory machines,
                workstations or personal computers.
updated:        1994/07/15

language:       OPAL
package:        ocs
version:        2.1e
parts:          compiler(->C), interpreter, translator,
                library, documentation, examples,
                tutorial, run-time.
author:         The OPAL Group at Technical Univ. of Berlin.
location:       ftp /pub/local/uebb/ocs/* from
      Europe:   ftp pub/unix/languages/opal/* from
      U.S.  :   ftp opal/* from
description:    The language OPAL has been designed as a testbed
                for the development of functional programs. Opal
                molds concepts from Algebraic Specification and
                Functional Programming, which shall favor the
                (formal) development of (large) production-quality
                software that is written in a purely functional
                The core of OPAL is a strongly typed, higher-order,
                strict applicative language which belongs to the
                tradition of HOPE and ML. The algebraic flavour of
                OPAL shows up in the syntactical appearance and
                the preference of parameterization to polymorphism.
features:       In the latest "pseudoknot" benchmark, its performance falls
                in the top group of the functional languages tested. Orders
                of magnitude faster than the interpreted fps.
bugs:           Report bugs to
restriction:    Constructors cannot have more then 24 components.
requires:       gcc 2.x + gnu make 3.64 or better.
ports:          Most unix( SPARCs, DECstations, NeXTs, PC-Linux,
portability:    Very portable,one just needs to find out which compiler
                switches are needed.
status:         active, supported.
updated:        1995/08/01

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