PostScript monthly FAQ v2.3 07-07-94 [07-10 of 11]

PostScript monthly FAQ v2.3 07-07-94 [07-10 of 11]

Post by Jonathan Monsarra » Sat, 09 Jul 1994 05:30:40

Archive-name: postscript/faq/part7-10
Last-modified: 1993/07/07
Version: 2.3

                              -- PostScript --

                            Answers to Questions

                    (the comp.lang.postscript FAQ v2.3)

                               Jon Monsarrat


                     This FAQ is formatted as a digest.

                Most news readers can skip from one question

                to the next by pressing control-G. GNUs uses

                   C-c C-n to skip to the next question.

    Changes since the last version are marked with a '|' in the table
    of contents and in the sections in the text-only format of the FAQ.

    Now that there is Linux and NetBSD and BSD 386 UNIX IBM PC (and
    clone) users can run any of the X-windows and UNIX programs in the
    utilities section. See any of comp.os.linux.{
    admin,development,help,misc}. Also, there is now GhostScript for
    the Macintosh.

    Many thanks to Dan Carrigan for reformatting the books and
    publishers section.

    The utilities index from the comp.sources.postscript FAQ will be
    posted in comp.lang.postscript now too.

    Please help fix the FAQ! All comments should be mailed to My favorite way to receive a change suggestion is
    when it is accompanied by a section of the FAQ that is edited and
    mailed to me verbatim as an example. If you would like to
    contribute, please read the section ``about the FAQ'' first. Thank

    Books and programs are referred to by name only. See the book
    sections for book information, and the comp.sources.postscript FAQ
    for a full list of all PostScript related programs. I have archived
    a number of the small utilities in You can get the
    comp.sources.postscript FAQ from

    Related FAQs: comp.text, comp.text.tex, comp.fonts,,
    comp.sys.mac.apps, comp.sources.postscript.


Subject: 7 Programming in PostScript


Subject: 7.1 What is PostScript level 2?

    (See the Section 11, ``About PostScript 2''.)


Subject: 7.2 Should I learn level 2 PostScript?

    Yes, because Level Two will soon become the standard. Application
    developers using PostScript need to become aware of the new
    capabilities and how to take advantage of them.

    There are many good books on PostScript 2. (See Section 5,


Subject: 7.3 Where can I find examples of PostScript code?

    Many other books on PostScript make example PostScript code
    available. ``Thinking in PostScript'', by Glenn Reid, is the only
    book I know of that allows its examples to be freely distributed.
    (See Section 5, ``Books''.)

    All the examples in ``the blue book'' are available from the Adobe
    file server (See Section 5, ``Books''.)

    See the question ``How can I browse through PostScript programs?''
    in the comp.sources.postscript FAQ.


Subject: 7.4 What is the physical size of the page?

    This depends on what print medium you are using. Paper comes in a
    number of standard sizes:

          Paper Size                      Dimension (in points)
          ------------------------------  ---------------------
          Comm #10 Envelope               297 x 684
          C5 Envelope                     461 x 648
          DL Envelope                     312 x 624
          Folio                           595 x 935
          Executive                       522 x 756
          Letter                          612 x 792
          Legal                           612 x 1008
          Ledger                          1224 x 792
          Tabloid                         792 x 1224
          A0                              2384 x 3370
          A1                              1684 x 2384
          A2                              1191 x 1684
          A3                              842 x 1191
          A4                              595 x 842
          A5                              420 x 595
          A6                              297 x 420
          A7                              210 x 297
          A8                              148 x 210
          A9                              105 x 148
          B0                              2920 x 4127
          B1                              2064 x 2920
          B2                              1460 x 2064
          B3                              1032 x 1460
          B4                              729 x 1032
          B5                              516 x 729
          B6                              363 x 516
          B7                              258 x 363
          B8                              181 x 258
          B9                              127 x 181
          B10                             91 x 127

    To determine what print mediums are available, check the PPD file
    for your printer, under the PageSize keyword.


Subject: 7.5 What is the Imagable Area of the page

    The initial clipping path gives you the size of the imagable area.
    Use ``clippath pathbbox'' to get these coordinates. If you must
    know the size of the device's imageable area, use the sequence
    ``gsave initclip clippath pathbbox grestore'', but this will
    prevent an enclosing application from using the clippath to achieve
    some special effects (such as multiple pages per page).

    PPD files (see section 2 of the FAQ, printers) contain information
    on what paper sizes, as well as the Imagable Area for each,
    specific to each printer. A Postscript code fragment (called
    ``?ImageableArea'') is described in a PPD file, which determines
    the current Imageable Area for that printer.


Subject: 7.6 Why can't I do a pathforall after a charpath ?

    (See Section 4, ``Fonts'', question ``Why are Adobe fonts


Subject: 7.7 How do I center a string of text around a point?

    Level 1 PostScript has two operators that can extract information
    about the metrics of characters: ``stringwidth'' and ``charpath''.

    The ``stringwidth'' operator returns the advance width of its
    string operand. This is the distance the current point would be
    moved by a ``show'' operation on the same string. ``stringwidth''
    returns two numbers on the stack, representing the x and y
    components of the advance width. Usually the y component is zero
    because most fonts are displayed along a horizontal line, moving
    the current point only in the x direction.

    Also note that the ``stringwidth'' usually does not give an exact
    measure of the area of the page that will be touched by its
    operand. The letters can either project a little over the
    boundaries or fall a little within (leaving a touch of whitespace).

    If all that an application requires is horizontal centering of a
    long string of text, the result returned by ``stringwidth'' is
    sufficient. A common technique is

          x y moveto
          (string) dup stringwidth pop 2 div neg 0 rmoveto show

    (This code makes the assumption that the y component of advance
    width is irrelevant.)

    The ``charpath'' operator extracts the graphic shapes of its string
    operand and appends them to the current path in the graphic state.
    These shapes can then be processed by other PostScript operators.
    To get the actual size of the area touched by a character a simple
    approach is

          0 0 moveto
          (X) false charpath flattenpath pathbbox

    This code places four numbers on the stack, representing the
    coordinates of the lower left and upper right corners of the
    bounding box enclosing the character ``X'' rendered with the
    current point at (0,0). Leaving the flattenpath out will cause it
    to be less accurate, but it will take up less memory and be faster.

    There are two things to be careful about when using the code shown

   1. There are severe limits on the size of the string operand,
      related to the limit on the number of elements in a graphic path.
      The PostScript Language Reference Manual recommends taking
      ``charpath''s one character at a time.

   2. If user space is rotated or skewed with respect to device space,
      the result from ``pathbbox'' may be larger than expected;
      ``pathbbox'' returns a rectangle oriented along the user space
      coordinate axes, which fully encloses a (possibly smaller)
      rectangle oriented along the coordinate axes of device space. If
      user space is rotated at an integer multiple of 90 degrees these
      two rectangles will be the same, otherwise the rectangle in user
      space will be larger.

    So, to center text vertically one must get the bounding boxes of
    all the characters in the string to be displayed, find the minimum
    and maximum y coordinate values, and use half the distance between
    them to displace the text vertically. This still may not do a very
    good job, since this provides centering based on extrema, not on
    the optical center of the string (which is more related to a sort
    of ``center of mass'' of the text).

    If an application does this repeatedly, it would be wise to store
    the bounding boxes in an array indexed by character code, since
    ``charpath'' is a slow operation.

    Font metric information is available outside of a PostScript
    printer in font metrics files, available from the font vendor. A
    program generating PostScript output can obtain metrics from these
    files rather than extracting the metrics in the printer.


Subject: 7.8 How can I concatenate two strings together?

  %% string1 string2 append string
  % Function: Concatenates two strings together.
  /append {
           2 copy length exch length add  % find the length of the new.
           string dup     % string1 string2 string string
           4 2 roll       % string string string1 string2
           2 index 0 3 index
           % string string string1 string2 string 0 string1
           putinterval    % stuff the first string in.
           % string string string1 string2
           exch length exch putinterval
  } bind def


Subject: 7.9 What do I do when I get stack overflow/underflow?

    These errors are among the most common in PostScript.

    When I get a stack overflow, that is usually a sign that a routine
    is leaving an object on the stack. If this routine gets called 2000
    times, it leaves 2000 objects on the stack, which is too many.

    When I get a stack underflow, that is a sign that either: (A) one
    of the routines in the program doesn't work, and never has or (B)
    one of the routines in the program works, but expects to be called
    with some arguments left on the stack.

    There is no such thing as a PostScript debugger right now. For now,
    the best that you can do to debug your program is to put in lots of
    print statements. Learn to use the PostScript pstack command, and
    use an online interpreter so you don't have to run to the printer
    for each debugging cycle.

    Use an error handler to learn more about what exactly is happening
    when your program crashes. (see the comp.sources.postscript FAQ for
    a list of all PostScript related programs.)

    If your code has never worked yet (i.e. you are still writing it)
    then I find that it helps to put little comments in the margin
    about the state of the stack. Like this:

         Heart pathbbox             % lowerx lowery upperx uppery
         exch 4 -1 roll             % lowery uppery upperx lowerx

    I generally put these comments in originally, and then take them
    out when the program works. Maybe this is a bad practice, in case I
    ever want to go back and look at the code to modify it!!


Subject: 7.10 How can I print in landscape mode?

    Landscape (the opposite of portrait) means that the page is turned
    on its side. You can redefine showpage in terms of the current
    definition of showpage.

    Do something like:

  /oldshowpage /showpage load def

  90 rotate llx neg ury neg translate   % for the first page
          90 rotate llx neg ury neg translate
  } def

    This won't work if the PostScript file you're editing uses
    initgraphics or grestoreall. Also note that the method described
    (redefining showpage) does not conform to the document structuring
    conventions. The Adobe recommended method involves performing the
    transformaton as part of the setup for each page.


Subject: 8 Computer-specific PostScript

    This section describes PostScript information specific to a
    particular type of computer or operating system.


Subject: 8.1 Sun Workstations

    What is NeWS?

    NeWS (R.I.P.) was Sun Microsystems PostScript-based window system
    for the Sun Workstation. NeWS was a project within Sun (started
    around 1985) to create a window system to supplant SunView (a very
    successful kernel-based window system). NeWS was a client-server
    model window system (like X) but among many of NeWS novel features
    was the use of PostScript as the language to describe the
    appearance of objects on the screen. NeWS had many features in
    common with Display PostScript, but NeWS predates Adobe Display
    PostScript and was neither connected with Adobe Display PostScript
    nor endorsed by Adobe. NeWS was not an Adobe product, nor was it a
    Sun/Adobe joint venture.

    As of October 1992, Sun management signed a deal with Adobe to
    adopt Display PostScript for the Sun. In 1993, Sun finally dropped
    NeWS altogether. The Sun window system is supposed to start
    shipping a Display PostScript environment in late 1993.

    And how does PostScript run on them?

    PostScript runs on NeWS, although NeWS was not a fully-compliant
    PostScript interpreter. There were incompatibilities between the
    NeWS PostScript interpreter and ``official'' PostScript
    interpreters as defined by Adobe and the Apple LaserWriter family
    of printers, such that many PostScript files which would print fine
    on a LaserWriter would not render under NeWS. The most critical
    incompatibility was lack of support for Adobe Type 1 fonts, Sun
    having gone with their own font format known as F3. F3 fonts have
    now gone the way of the zumbooruk and will be supplanted by Type 1


Subject: 8.2 IBM PC

    You can find nenscript for OS/2 1.x--2.0 and MSDOS on in pub/uploads/

    Microsoft Word for Windows can produce files with incorrect DSC
    comments. To fix this, from the Control Panel, select Printers,
    Options..., Advanced, and then check 'Conform to Adobe Document
    Structuring conventions'. This is not enough to produce a valid DSC
    document - you also need to remove the leading Ctrl-D as documented

    There are rumors that Word Perfect and Microsoft Word don't produce
    ``clean'' PostScript that follows the DSC conventions (See Section
    9, ``Encapsulated PostScript''). This means that a lot of
    PostScript utilities like Ghostview and psnup, etc., that require
    the DSC conventions, will not work on them.

    Creating a PostScript file from MS Word

    Install the LaserWriter driver that comes with Windows.In the
    printer setup, select a PostScript printer. Then click on the setup
    button to get that pop-up. Then clik the Options button. Then
    select the print to Encapsulated PostScript File. If you don't
    specify a file name, Word will prompt you for one when you tell it
    to print.

    When printing Microsoft Windows files that have been captured on a
    PC's LPT port, you mostly need to define two ctrl-d's in a row as
    well to remove all of them in the document:

  (\004\004) cvn {} def


Subject: 8.3 Apple Macintosh

    For more details about printing with the Macintosh, read the
    comp.sys.mac.apps FAQ.

    How can I convert a PostScript file created with a UNIX program to
    the Mac?

    A way that is clumsy, but works, is this:

   1. Display the UNIX-based PostScript file on screen

   2. Use window dumping facility to get a bitmap file

   3. Convert the above bitmap file to TIFF format and then export it
      to Adobe Illustrator on the Mac.

    The PostScript section of the FAQ for the Macintosh newsgroup
    comp.sys.mac.apps (maintained by Elliotte Harold) answers the
    following questions:

    * How do I make a PostScript file?

    * How do I print a PostScript file?

    * Why won't my PostScript file print on my mainframe's printer?

      Full documentation of this process provided with a utility called

    * Why are my PostScript files so big?


Subject: 9 Encapsulated PostScript


Subject: 9.1 What is Encapsulated PostScript?

    Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) is a standard format for importing
    and exporting PostScript language files in all environments. It is
    usually a single page PostScript language program that describes an
    illustration. The purpose of the EPS file is to be included as an
    illustration in other PostScript language page descriptions. The
    EPS file can contain any combination of text, graphics, and images.
    An EPS file is the same as any other PostScript language page
    description, with some restrictions.

    EPS files can optionally contain a bitmapped image preview, so that
    systems that can't render PostScript directly can at least display
    a crude representation of what the graphic will look like. There
    are three preview formats: Mac (PICT), IBM (tiff), and a platform
    independent preview called EPSI.

    An EPS file must be a conforming file, that is, it must conform to
    the Adobe Document Structuring Conventions (DSC). At a minimum, it
    must include a header comment,%!PS-Adobe-3.0 EPSF-3.0, and a
    bounding box comment,%%BoundingBox: llx lly urx ury, that
    describes the bounds of the illustration.

    (The specification does not require the EPSF version, but many
    programs will reject a file that does not have it.)

    The EPS program must not use operators that initialize or
    permanently change the state of the machine in a manner that cannot
    be undone by the enclosing application's use of save and restore
    (eg. the operators starting with ``init'' like initgraphics). As a
    special case, the EPS program may use the showpage operator. The
    importing application is responsible for disabling the normal
    effects of showpage.

    The EPS program should make no environment-sensitive decisions (the
    importing application may be trying to attain some special effect,
    and the EPS program shouldn't screw this up), although it can use
    some device-dependent tricks to improve appearance such as a
    snap-to-pixel algorithm.

    The complete EPS specification is available from Adobe (see the
    section on Adobe). Read Appendix G (Document Structuring
    Conventions, V3.0) and Appendix H (Encapsulated PostScript File
    Format, V3.0) in the new PostScript red book: PostScript Language
    Reference Manual, Second Edition.

    An optional component of an EPS file is a ``preview'' image of the
    file's content. The preview image is a bitmapped representation of
    the image which may be displayed by programs using the EPS file
    without having to actually interpret the PostScript code.

    The recommended form for a preview image is ``Interchange'' format
    and is described fully in the ``red book'', second edition.
    Interchange format represents the image as a series of hex strings
    placed in the EPS file as PostScript comments. The entire file
    remains an ASCII file.

    That book contains all of the information that you need to fix your
    program to correctly output EPS. It is what I use for our software.

    A variation of EPS embeds the preview image and PostScript text in
    a binary file which contains a header and the preview image in
    either a TIFF or MetaFile format. The header defines where in the
    file each section (EPS, TIFF, or MetaFile) starts and ends. On the
    Macintosh, the preview is stored as a PICT in the file's resource


Subject: 9.2 What are EPSI and EPSF?

    EPSI is EPS with a device independent bitmap preview. EPSI is an
    all ASCII (no binary data or headers) version of EPS. EPSI provides
    for a hexadecimal encoded preview representation of the image that
    will be displayed or printed. EPSI files were documented by Adobe
    as a means of providing a preview for EPS files which would be
    cross-platform. In reality though DOS machines and Windows favour
    embedding TIFF or even Windows Metafiles in the PostScript. I don't
    know of any Mac packages that support EPSI files.

    The Macintosh has always favoured EPSF files with the data fork of
    the file containing the PostScript code, and the resource fork
    containing a PICT preview of the file. This is how typically when
    you import an EPSF file into a program (Quark, Persuasion etc.) you
    get to see the PICT preview from the file. It is still possible to
    have an EPSF file without a preview though, in this case the
    imported artwork is displayed usually as a box with diagonal lines
    running through it. Note the term EPSF really means that the image
    is independant of an output device, in other words the image would
    need to be embedded inside other PostScript code to be usable
    (printable). The old command-lk files from the PS driver on the Mac
    are not EPSF files as they are produced for a specific output
    device (LaserWriter). Therefore they cannot be imported into other
    applications for printing. ESPF must be given resource number 256.


Subject: 9.3 How do I convert PostScript to EPS?

    Use pstoepsi, or do it by hand. GhostScript's program ps2epsi does
    this also, as does LaserWriter 8 for the Mac. GhostScript on the
    Mac can output EPS also, I believe.

    To convert from PostScript to EPS, one must guarantee that the
    PostScript file meets the above requirements. If the actual program
    conforms to the programming requirements, then one can simply add
    the required comments at the top of the file saying that the file
    is EPS and giving its BoundingBox dimensions.

    Optional comments include font usage (%%DocumentFonts: or%%
    DocumentNeededResources: font), EPSI preview comments (%%
    Begin(End)Preview:) extensions (%%Extensions:) and language
    level (%%LanguageLevel:).

    There are some operators that should not be used within an EPS

          banddevice     cleardictstack   copypage     erasepage
          exitserver     framedevice      grestoreall  initclip
          initgraphics   initmatrix       quit         renderbands
          setglobal      setpagedevice    setshared    startjob

    These also include operators from statusdict and userdict operators
    like legal, letter, a4, b5, etc.

    There are some operators that should be carefully used:

          nulldevice     setgstate        sethalftone  setmatrix
          setscreen      settransfer      undefinefont

    To convert a PostScript file to EPS format, you must edit the file
    using a text editor or word processor to add lines that will define
    the file as an EPS-format file.

   1. Using your normal method of printing, print the PostScript file
      to a PostScript printer. You can choose to view it on the screen
      instead, but keep in mind that all the below distance
      measurements assume that you are printing on a normal-sized piece
      of paper.

      NOTE: If the PostScript image does not get displayed properly, it
      probably will not work either once you have converted it to EPS
      format. Correct the PostScript program so that it works before
      you convert it to EPS format.

   2. Use a tool (see below) to find the bounding box, which shows how
      much space the PostScript image occupies when printed. You
      specify the dimensions of the bounding box when you convert the
      PostScript file to EPS format.

   3. If you don't have a bounding box tool, you can just use a ruler
      and draw one on your printout. With two horizontal lines and two
      vertical lines, draw a box around the image that includes the
      entire image while minimizing white space.

      This box represents your bounding box. You may want to leave a
      small amount of white space around the image as a precautionary
      measure against minor printing problems, such as paper stretching
      and paper skewing.

   4. Measure distance ``a'' from the lower-left corner of the image to
      the left edge of the paper.

   5. Write the measurement in points. If your ruler does not show
      points, calculate the total number of points: 1 inch = 72 points,
      1 cm = 28.3 points, and 1 pica = 12 points. Designate this
      measurement as ``measurement a.''

   6. Measure distance ``b'' from the lower-left corner of the image to
      the bottom edge of the paper.

      Designate this measurement in points as ``measurement b.''

   7. Measure distance ``c'' from the upper-right corner of the image
      to the left edge of the paper.

      Designate this measurement in points as ``measurement c.''

   8. Measure distance ``d' from the upper-right corner of the image to
      the bottom edge of the paper.

      Designate this measurement in points as ``measurement d.''

   9. Using any text editor, open the PostScript file for editing.

      You'll see several lines of text. These lines are the PostScript
      description of the image. The lines at the top of the file are
      the header.

  10. Add these lines to, or modify existing lines in, the header (the
      first group of lines in any PostScript file):

            %!PS-Adobe-2.0 EPSF-2.0
            %%Creator: name
            %%CreationDate: date
            %%Title: filename
            %%BoundingBox: a b c d

      Note: Make sure that the first line in the file is ``%
      !PS-Adobe-2.0-EPSF-2.0''. Also, do not separate the header lines
      with a blank line space. The first blank line that PostScript
      encounters tells it that the the next line begins the body of the

      For ``name,'' type your name or initials. For ``date,'' type
      today's date using any format (for example, MM-DD-YY, MM/DD/YY,
      July 5, 1987, and so on). For ``filename,'' type the name of the
      PostScript file. After ``BoundingBox: ,'' type the measurements
      you took in steps 3, 4, 5, and 6, separating each with a space:
      ``a'' is the measurement from Step 3, ``b'' is the measurement
      from Step 4, ``c'' is the measurement from Step 5, and ``d'' is
      the measurement from Step 6.

  11. Save the file in text-only format.

    If you are interested in learning how to further edit your
    PostScript files, these books are available at most bookstores:

    Understanding PostScript Programming and the green book.

    The Document Structuring Conventions (DSC), version 1.0, are
    discussed in Appendix C of the old red book. The new red book has a
    lot of information about Encapsulated PostScript.

    There will be a technical note available from Adobe called
    ``Guidelines for Specific Operators'' that will talk about why some
    operators are prohibited and how to use the others.


Subject: 9.4 How do I get the bounding box of a PostScript picture?

    Use bbfig or

    Or if you would rather construct the bounding box by hand, use
    Ghostview, which has a continuous readout of the mouse cursor in
    the default user coordinate system. You simply place the mouse in
    the corners of the figure and read off the coordinates.


Subject: 10 About The Comp.Lang.PostScript FAQ


Subject: 10.1 The PostScript FAQ: What is it?

    The PostScript FAQ is a set of answers to frequently asked
    questions (FAQs) that have appeared on the Usenet newsgroup
    comp.lang.postscript. It is broken into many useful sections.

    There is a companion file which is not posted to USENET called
    ``Exactly What Does a Transformation Matrix Do?''. You can get it

    I need help writing and revising answers for common questions
    relating to PostScript. Almost all of the information in the
    documents has been written by kind volunteers. The answers will be
    published in either or both documents. A very long answer in the
    Usenet Guide may be summarized, referred to briefly, or not
    mentioned at all in the FAQ.


Subject: 10.2 How to get the FAQ files

    The FAQ is available by anonymous ftp to You can get it
    formatted in plain text ASCII, LaTeX, or PostScript.

    I would be happy to email a copy of the FAQ in any format to you if
    you do not have FTP.


Subject: 10.3 How to write a FAQ answer

    I greatly appreciate your time and effort to help improve the
    quality of the FAQ. Thank you for being willing to contribute!

    * Please check to see if the topic is already in an FAQ. Perhaps
      you really mean to submit a revision to an existing section.

    * Start with a clear statement about what problem you are solving.

    * Write for novice users, in ``tutorial format'', even if the
      answer is meant for experienced programmers.

    * Be specific when you make references.

    * Be complete, and take the time to look over your draft and

    * Answers should not be too wordy, unless you intend to write a
      long answer for the Usenet Guide and have a shorter summary or a
      pointer to the description placed in the FAQ. If you want to
      write the summary yourself, thanks!

    * Obviously, I cannot accept copyrighted material without
      permission. Don't write the FAQ by paraphrasing from a
      copyrighted book!


Subject: 10.4 The FAQ can contain LaTeX and PostScript inserts

    The FAQ is actually written with LaTeX, so feel free to submit with
    that text formatting language. There is a PostScript version of the
    FAQ also, so feel free to send along PostScript pictures to


Subject: 10.5 Revising the FAQ

    Suggestions and comments are welcomed. My favorite way of receiving
    a change suggestion is if you make a copy of the FAQ, edit the
    copy, and mail me the modification, or a context diff (include the
    version number).


Subject: 10.6 How to submit new information

    If you know something that you think is worthwhile to be put in a
    FAQ, definitely send it to me!

    Don't hold back if your information is very specific. If there's
    too much information to post I will archive it at an ftp site and
    place a pointer to it in the FAQ.


Subject: 10.7 How to add a program description to the FAQ index

    If the program is original, please send it to me, or tell me where
    I can get it. Please put your name and email address at the top of
    each file. Your program will be doubly useful if you clean up the
    program so that other people can use it as an example to learn.

    If the program was written by someone else, please send me just the
    title, description, and where to get it. I may already have it.

    For programs the FAQ needs to know:

    * What is the name of the program?

    * What does it claim to do, and does it do it well? Is it worth

    * Where is it available? What ftp sites can I get it from?

    * How much does it cost? Is it free?

    * What kinds of computers does it run on?

    * Who is the author and does the author give an email address?

    * Does it handle PostScript 2?

    * What packages does it rely on?

    If the program is a PostScript interpreter, then the FAQ also needs
    to know:

    * Does it let you go backwards one page?

    * Does it display the number of pages in the document?

    * Does it let you print PostScript to a non-PostScript printer?

    * What formats can it convert to?


Subject: 10.8 How to add a book description to the FAQ

    For books the FAQ needs to know:

    * What is the name of the book or document?

    * What does it claim to do, and does it do it well? Is it worth

    * Can I get it on-line?

    * Who wrote it? Does the author give an email address?

    * Who is the publisher, and what is the copyright date?

    * Does the publisher list an address and phone number or fax

    * What is the ISBN number of the book?

    * What is the library call number of the book?

    * How much does the book cost?

    * Does it cover PostScript 2?

    * Are coding examples from the book available by email or anonymous

    * Do the authors sell the coding examples on a diskette?


Subject: 10.9 Questions that need answers

   1. Where are ftp sites that have PostScript freeware?

   2. What vendors sell fonts for PostScript printers? Where are the
      free ftp sites for them?

   3. Are there any free encapsulated PostScript converters?

   4. What is the charter for comp.lang.postscript?

   5. What questions should the FAQ have?

   6. What book information is wrong or missing in the FAQ?

   7. What program information is wrong or missing in the FAQ?

   8. What ftp site have good examples of PostScript code?