SIMULATION DIGEST V8 N6

SIMULATION DIGEST V8 N6

Post by Moderator: Paul Fishwi » Mon, 02 Apr 1990 20:41:00



Volume: 8, Issue: 6, Sat Apr 15 15:41:11 EDT 1989

+----------------+
| TODAY'S TOPICS |
+----------------+

(1) Distributed Simulation
(2) Simulated Annealing on Parallel Systems
(3) SPICE on HP Computers
(4) Petri Net Toolkit Available
(5) References for Distributed Simulation (long message)

* Moderator: Paul Fishwick, Univ. of Florida
* Send topical mail to: simulat...@uflorida.cis.ufl.edu
* Archives available via FTP to bikini.cis.ufl.edu, login as
  'anonymous', use your last name as the password, change
  directory to pub/simdigest.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

To: comp-simulat...@mcvax.cwi.nl
Path: nikhefh!stil
From: s...@nikhefh.hep.nl (Gertjan Stil)
Newsgroups: comp.simulation,comp.parallel
Subject: References
Keywords: Distributed simulation
Date: 11 Apr 89 14:18:26 GMT
Reply-To: s...@nikhefh.hep.nl (Gertjan Stil)
Distribution: world
Organization: Nikhef-H, Amsterdam (the Netherlands).

I'm desperately looking for some references of articles about distributed
simulation. Mostly I'm interrested in articles that deal with handling virtual
time in an distributed simulation environment. Can someone please help me ?

Thanks in advance,

Gertjan Stil

<...!mcvax!nikhefh.hep.nl!stil>

------------------------------

Date: Thu, 13 Apr 89 23:32:52 -0400
From: Paul Fishwick <fishw...@fish.cis.ufl.edu>
To: simulat...@ufl.edu
Subject: Simulated Annealing on Parallel Systems

[[forwarded from comp.ai.neural-nets -PAF]]

>From uflorida!haven!ames!elroy!orion.cf.uci.edu!uci-ics!ucla-cs!squid!dgreen Thu Apr 13 23:31:29 EDT 1989

Article 667 of comp.ai.neural-nets:
Path: uflorida!haven!ames!elroy!orion.cf.uci.edu!uci-ics!ucla-cs!squid!dgreen
>From: dgr...@squid.cs.ucla.edu (Dan R. Greening)

Newsgroups: comp.sys.transputer,sci.logic,comp.theory,comp.lsi.cad,comp.lsi,comp.ai.neural-nets,comp.ai.vision,sci.math.stat,sci.physics,comp.theory.self-org-sys,comp.arch
Subject: Parallel Simulated Annealing / References and Are You Doing It?
Date: 13 Apr 89 23:14:42 GMT
Sender: n...@CS.UCLA.EDU
Reply-To: dgr...@squid.cs.ucla.edu (Dan R. Greening)
Organization: UCLA Computer Science Department
Approved: dgr...@cs.ucla.edu
Xref: uflorida comp.sys.transputer:790 sci.logic:416 comp.theory:800 comp.lsi.cad:160 comp.lsi:547 comp.ai.neural-nets:667 comp.ai.vision:59 sci.math.stat:511 sci.physics:5539 comp.theory.self-org-sys:95 comp.arch:7787

Simulated annealing is often used for combinatorial optimization and
other hard problems.  It uses thermodynamic properties as a metaphor
for solving these problems.  Simulated annealing is used for nearly
every VLSI CAD problem under the sun: placement, routing, logic
optimization, circuit delay.  Plus some vision problems, neural
network weight-setting, a huge collection of NP complete problems,
etc.  That's why the crossposting list is so big.  I probably missed
a few, too :-).

I am looking for references AND people who have implemented simulated
annealing applications on parallel processors.  There are some
difficult and interesting problems in extending simulated annealing to
parallel processors.

If you send parallel simulated annealing references to me via e-mail,
I will compile a bibliography and share it with all contributors.  I'm
also interested in hearing from people who are actively WORKING in
parallel simulated annealing, and will set up a mailing list if there
is enough interest.

Any leads you can give me to parallel simulated annealing researchers
who may not read news (but have e-mail connections), would also be
greatly appreciated.

Please do not post a followup to this posting.  There are way too many
newsgroups to which this is crossposted.  But please send e-mail, and
we will be able to communicate among ourselves.  Thanks.

[I apologize if you have already seen this in comp.parallel.  The original
 was cross-posted to several groups, but the comp.parallel moderator removed
 all but comp.parallel (probably through an automatic formatter).  I know
 several people applying parallel simulated annealing, who do not read
 comp.parallel.

 I have received a few replies from comp.parallel, and will entice you further,
 with these tidbits: I recently published a paper with F. Darema, who
 appears on most reference lists I received.  I have a rather large
 reference list myself and, as I said, will share it with people who share
 theirs with me. --dan]

Dan Greening  dgr...@cs.ucla.edu  213-472-4898  308 Westwood Plaza, #117
                                                Los Angeles, CA 90024-1647

------------------------------

From: millsad <mill...@prl.philips.co.uk>
Newsgroups: comp.sys.hp,comp.simulation
Subject: SPICE on HP computers
Keywords: SPICE simulation
Date: 14 Apr 89 14:16:45 GMT
Organization: Philips Research Laboratories, Redhill, UK

Can anybody tell me if the software package, SPICE, can be obtained to run
on HP 9000 series computers?  I believe that it is public domain software;
is this true?  If it runs under Unix, it should run under HPUX but where
does it come from?

Any help would be very welcome.  Please mail your response.

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 15 Apr 89 15:34:13 -0400
From: Paul Fishwick <fishw...@fish.cis.ufl.edu>
To: simulat...@ufl.edu

[[Forwarded from comp.parallel -PAF]]

>From uflorida!mailrus!csd4.milw.wisc.edu!lll-winken!uunet!ncrlnk!ncrcae!hubcap!agn Sat Apr 15 15:24:12 EDT 1989

Article 569 of comp.parallel:
Path: uflorida!mailrus!csd4.milw.wisc.edu!lll-winken!uunet!ncrlnk!ncrcae!hubcap!agn
>From: a...@unh.cs.cmu.edu (Andreas Nowatzyk)

Newsgroups: comp.parallel
Subject: Re: Looking for Petri net 'Toolkit'
Keywords: petri net, modeling
Date: 10 Apr 89 12:16:08 GMT
Sender: f...@hubcap.clemson.edu
Approved: paral...@hubcap.clemson.edu

I used "GreatSPN" written by Giovanni Chiola which is based
on M. Molloy's work on generalized Petri Nets. It is a very
nice package:

-  Interactive graphics editor (run on SUNs using Suntools)
   that produces internal representations and postscript
   output.

-  The editor knows about PNs and does sanity checks.

-  Deterministic, immediate and exponentially timed transitions

-  Inhibitor arcs are supported.

-  Analysis tools can be called from the editor and
   backannotate into the graphical representation.
   (Several analytical analysis modules are included plus
    a Monte Carlo simulator for cases that exceed the
    analytical capabilities)

-  Error bounds on the results are given.
   Results appear as bar-graphs or in numeric form.

-  Interactive net execution (to debug the net)

-  Static analysis tools are provided to check boundedness etc.

Minor drawback: the simulator was written in pascal and was quite
slow. I rewrote that in C (left out a few features that I didn't
need plus added others: about 50-100x speedup, or about 100K
transition fires/sec on a SUN 3/60. Nets with 500 places and
1000 transitions were successfully solved.

My code is free for the asking, GreatSPN requires permission from
the author, who can be reached on BIT-NET:

   CHIOLA%ITOINFO.BITNET%IBOINFN.BITNET

I can redistribute GreatSPN if evidence of the author's permission
is presented. This may speed up things (Smail round-trip for a tape
to Italy isn't great), but leaves you with version 1.4 which may not
be the most recent.

--
   --  Andreas Nowatzyk  (DC5ZV)

   Carnegie-Mellon University        a...@unh.cs.cmu.edu
   Computer Science Department       (412) 268-3617

------------------------------

Date: Sat, 15 Apr 89 15:34:05 -0400
From: Paul Fishwick <fishw...@fish.cis.ufl.edu>
To: simulat...@ufl.edu

[[Forwarded from comp.parallel -PAF]]

>From uflorida!gatech!mcnc!ece-csc!ncrcae!hubcap!usha%FSU.BITNET Sat Apr 15 15:28:41 EDT 1989

Article 588 of comp.parallel:
Path: uflorida!gatech!mcnc!ece-csc!ncrcae!hubcap!usha%FSU.BITNET
>From: usha%FSU.BIT...@CUNYVM.CUNY.EDU

Newsgroups: comp.parallel
Subject: Distributed simulation
Date: 14 Apr 89 17:02:24 GMT
Sender: f...@hubcap.clemson.edu
Approved: paral...@hubcap.clemson.edu

Hi

The following is a list of references on distributed simulation.  But
this has not been updated for the past two years.  David Jefferson has a
paper on 'Virtual Time'.  The following list may not be very readable;
sorry about that.  It came out of a survey paper that I wrote on
distributed simulation but never got to publish.  I used TeX to generate
the paper and hence it has the macro calls such as \createrefcode, \it
etc.  Hope you find it useful.

Usha Chandra
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
References:
-----------
\createrefcode{adaref}{Ada 1983}
{{\it Ada Programming Language\/} 1983. Military
Standard, ANSI/MIL-STD-1815A.}

%\createrefcode{adels82}{Adelsberger 1982}
%{Adelsberger, H.H. 1982.  ASSE-Ada simulation support
%environment. In {\it Proc.~of\ the\ 1982\ Winter\ Simulation\
%Conference\/}, (San Diego, California, 1982), pp. 89--101.}
%
%\createrefcode{adelsa83}
%{Adelsberger 1983a}{Adelsberger, H.H. 1983.
% A structured and modular
%approach to
%transaction flow models. In {\it Proc.\ of the 1983 Summer Computer
%Simulation Conference\/}, (Vancouver, B.C., Canada, 1983).}
%
%\createrefcode{adelsb83}
%{Adelsberger 1983b}
%{Adelsberger, H.H. 1983.  Modelling and simulation
%in Ada.
%In {\it Proc. of the First\ European\ Simulation\ Congress\ ESC8\/},
%(Berlin, 1983). pp. 273-280.}
%
%\createrefcode{adelsc83}{Adelsberger 1983c}
%{Adelsberger, H.H. 1983.  Interactive
%modeling and simulation
%of transaction flow or network models using the Ada simulation
%support environment. In {\it Proc.\ of\ the\ 1983\ Winter\ Simulation
%\ Conference\/}, (Washington, 1983), pp. 561--570.}
%
%\createrefcode{bagrodia83}
%{Bagrodia 1983}{Bagrodia, R. 1983.  MAY : a process
%based simulation
%language. Master Report, Dept.~of Computer Sciences, University
%of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas.}
%
%\createrefcode{bagrodiaa84}
%{Bagrodia et al. 1984a}{Bagrodia, R., K.M. Chandy, and J. Misra
%1984.
% A message based
%approach to discrete event simulation. {\it Report TR LCS--8403\/},
%Dept.~of Computer Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, May.}
%
\createrefcode{bagrodiab84}
{Bagrodia et al. 1984b}
{Bagrodia, R., K.M. Chandy, and J. Misra, 1984.
 MAY : a message
based simulation language for small computers. In {\it Proc.~of the
Small Computers (R)Evolution\/} (September). pp. 148--153.}

\createrefcode{baik85}
{Baik and Zeigler 1985}
{Baik, D.K. and
B.P. Zeigler 1985. Performance evaluation
of hierarchical distributed simulations. In {\it Proceedings of the 1985
Winter Simulation Conference\/} (San Francisco, California, December
11--13, 1985). pp. 421--427.}

%\createrefcode{banks84}
%{Banks and Carson 1984}
%{Banks, J. and
%J.S. Carson II 1984. {\it Discrete-Event
%System Simulation\/}, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.}

\createrefcode{berry85}
{Berry and Jefferson 1985}
{Berry, O. and D.R. Jefferson 1985.  Critical
path analysis of distributed  simulation.
In {\it Proceedings of the Conference on
Distributed Simulation 1985,  The  1985
SCS  Multiconference\/} (San  Diego,
California, January 1985). 15, 2, pp. 57--60.}

%\createrefcode{braun83}
%{Braun 1983}
%{Braun, J., Ed. 1983. {\it SIMSCRIPT II.5 Handbook\/},
%C.A.C.I.}
%
%\createrefcode{brunoa84}
%{Bruno 1984a}
%{Bruno, G. 1983.  Rationale for the introduction of
%discrete simulation primitives in Ada. In {\it Proc.~of the Conference
%on Simulation in Strongly Typed Languages\/} (February 2--4, 1984). 13,
%2, Simulation Series, pp. 10--15.}
%
%\createrefcode{brunob84}
%{Bruno 1984b}
%{Bruno, G. 1984.  Using Ada for discrete event
%simulation.
%{\it Software-Practice and Experience 14\/}, 7(July), 685--695.}

\createrefcode{bryant77}
{Bryant 1977}
{Bryant, R.E. 1977.  Simulation
of packet communication
architecture computer \break systems. {M.S. Thesis,
MIT/LCS/TR-188\/},
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts,
November 1977.}

\createrefcode{bryantrm81}
{Bryant 1981}
{Bryant, R.M. 1981. {\it SIMPAS User's Manual\/}. Dept.
of Computer Science and Academic Computing Center, University of
Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, W.I.}

%\createrefcode{carver79}{Carver 1979}
%{Carver, M.B. (1979) The FORSIM VI distributed system
%simulation package. In {\it  Methodology in System
%Modelling and Simulation, Zeigler et al. Eds\/}.,
% North Holland Publishing Company,
%Amsterdam.}

\createrefcode{chandra86}
{Chandra 1986}
{Chandra, U. 1986. The design of a
distributed concurrent simulation environment. {\it Dissertation\/},
Department of Computer Science, Texas A \& M University, August 1986.}

\createrefcode{chandras85}
{Chandra and Sheppard 1986a}
{Chandra, U. and S. Sheppard 1986.
Implementation and analysis of random variate generators in Ada.
{\it Journal of Pascal, Ada, \& Modula-2 4\/}, 5(July/August).}

%\createrefcode{chandrase85}
%{Chandra and Sheppard 1986b}
%{Chandra, U. and S. Sheppard 1986. An
%algorithm for distributed concurrent simulation. {\it Submitted for
%publication\/}, Texas A \& M University, College Station, Texas.}

\createrefcode{chan79}
{Chandy and Misra 1979}
{Chandy, K.M. and
J. Misra 1979. Distributed simulation: a
case study in design and verification of distributed programs.  {\it
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering SE-5\/}, 5 (September).}

\createrefcode{chand79}
{Chandy et al. 1979}
{Chandy, K.M., J. Misra, and
V. Holmes 1979. Distributed
simulation of networks.  {\it Computer Networks 3\/},
(January 1979),
105--113.}

\createrefcode{chandy81}
{Chandy and Misra 1981}
{Chandy, K.M. and
J. Misra 1981.
Asynchronous distributed
simulation via a sequence of parallel computations.
{\it Communications of the
ACM 24\/}, 11(April), 198--206.}

\createrefcode{chandyk82}
{Chandy and Misra 1982}
{Chandy, K.M. and J. Misra 1982.  A distributed
algorithm
for detecting deadlocks in distributed systems. In {\it
Proc. of ACM SIGACT-SIGOPS
Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing\/} (Ottawa, Canada,
August 1982). pp. 157--164.}

\createrefcode{chandykm83}
{Chandy and Misra 1983}
{Chandy, K.M. and
J. Misra 1983. Distributed deadlock
detection.
 {\it ACM Transactions on Computer Systems 1\/}, 2 (May 1983),
144--156.}

%\createrefcode{christopher82}
%{Christopher et al. 1982}
%{Christopher, T., M. Evens,
%R.R. Gargeya, and
%T. Leonhardt 1982.  Structure of a distributed simulation
%system. In {\it Proc. of the 3rd International Conference
%on Distributed Computing
%Systems\/} (Miami/Ft.Lauderdale, Florida, 1982). pp. 584--589.}

\createrefcode{comfort79}
{Comfort 1979}
{Comfort, J.C. 1979.  A taxonomy
and analysis of event set
management algorithms for discrete event simulation. In {\it Record of
Proceedings of the 12th Annual Simulation Symposium\/} (Florida,
1979). pp. 115--146.}

\createrefcode{comforta81}
{Comfort 1981}
{Comfort, J.C. 1981. The simulation of a
microprocessor based event-set processor. In {\it Proc. of the 14th
Annual Simulation Symposium\/} (Tampa, Florida, March 1981).
pp.17--33.}

\createrefcode{comfortb81}
{Comfort and Miller 1981a}
{Comfort, J.C. and A. Miller 1981.
 The simulation of a
pipelined event set processor. In {\it Proc.~of the 1981 Winter
Simulation Conference\/} (Atlanta, Georgia, December 1981). pp. 591--597.}

\createrefcode{comfortc81}
{Comfort and Miller 1981b}
{Comfort, J.C. and
A. Miller 1981.  Considerations
in the design
of  a  multi microprocessor based simulation computer.  In {\it Modeling
and Simulation on Microcomputers,  L.A. Leventhal Ed\/}.
pp. 110--112.}

\createrefcode{comfortj82}
{Comfort 1982}
{Comfort, J.C. 1982.  The design
of a multi-microprocessor
based simulation
computer-I. {\it In Record of Proceedings of the
15th Annual Simulation
Symposium\/} (Tampa, Florida, March 1982). pp. 45--53.}

\createrefcode{comfortjc83}
{Comfort 1983}
{Comfort, J.C. 1983.
The design of a multi-microprocessor based simulation
computer-II. In {\it Record of Proceedings of the 16th
Annual Simulation Symposium\/} (Tampa, Florida, 1983). pp. 197--209.}

\createrefcode{comfortjca84}
{Comfort et al. 1984}
{Comfort, J.C., Y. Winquing, and
Qiang Li 1984.
 The design of
a multi-microprocessor based simulation computer-III. In
{\it Record of
Proceedings of the 17th Annual Simulation Symposium\/} (Tampa,
Florida, March 1984). pp. 227--241.}

\createrefcode{comfortjcb84}
{Comfort 1984}
{Comfort, J.C. 1984. The simulation
of a master-slave
event-set processor. {\it Simulation 42\/}, 3 (March), 117--124.}

\createrefcode{concepcion85}
{Concepcion 1985a}
{Concepcion, A.I. 1985. Mapping distributed
simulators onto the hierarchical multi-bus multiprocessor
architecture. In {\it Proceedings of the Conference on
Distributed Simulation 1985, The 1985 SCS
Multiconference\/} (San Diego, California, January 1985). 15, 2, pp.
8--13.}

\createrefcode{concepcionb85}
{Concepcion 1985b}
{Concepcion, A.I. 1985. Implementation of the
abstract simulator on the HEP computer.
In {\it Proceedings of the 1985
Winter Simulation Conference\/} (San Francisco, California, December
11--13, 1985). pp. 428--434.}

\createrefcode{david83}
{Davidson and Reynolds 1983}
{Davidson, D.L. and
P.F. Reynolds 1983.  Performance
analysis
of a distributed simulation algorithm based on active logical
processes. In {\it Proc.~of the 1983 Winter Simulation Conference\/}
(December 1983). pp. 267--268.}

\createrefcode{davidson84}
{Davidson 1984}
{Davidson, D.L. 1984.   A distributed simulation
implementation. {\it M.S.~Thesis\/}, The University of
Virginia, January 1984.}

\createrefcode{davisdiss88}
{Davis 1988}
{Davis, C. K. 1988. Automatic simulation model development for a
multiprocessor architecture, {\it Dissertation\/}, Dept. of
Computer Science, Texas A \& M University, August 1988.}

\createrefcode{friel84}
{Friel and Sheppard 1984}
{Friel, P. and
S. Sheppard 1984. Implications of the
Ada environment for simulation studies. In {\it Proceedings of the 1984
Winter Simulation Conference\/} (Dallas, Texas, December 1984).
pp. 270--277.

}

\createrefcode{fujimotods88}
{Fujimoto 1988} {Fujimoto, R.M. 1988. Performance measurements of distributed
simulation strategies. In {\it Proceedings of the SCS
Multiconference on Distributed Simulation\/} (San Diego,
California, February 1988). pp. 14--20.

}

\createrefcode{fujimotodsb88}
{Fujimoto et al. 1988}
{Fujimoto, R.M., Tsai, Jya-Jang and Gopalakrishnan, G. 1988.
The roll back chip: Hardware support for distributed simulation
using time warp. In {\it Proceedings of the SCS
Multiconference on Distributed Simulation\/} (San Diego,
California, February 1988). pp. 81--86.

}

%\createrefcode{georgiadis81}{Georgiadis et al. 1981}
%{Georgiadis, P.G., M.P. Papazouglou,
%and D.G. Maritsas,
% Towards a parallel SIMULA machine. In {\it Proceedings
%of the 8th Annual Symposium on
%Computer Architecture\/}, (May 1981). pp. 263--278.}

%\createrefcode{gpss69}{GPSS 1969}
%{IBM
%Application Program GH20-0304-4 (1969),
%{\it GPSS/360 Introductory User's Manual\/}, November.}

%\createrefcode{hooper82}
%{Hooper and Reiley 1982}
%{Hooper, J.W. and
%K.D. Reiley 1982. An algorithmic
%analysis of simulation strategies. {\it International Journal of
%Computer and Information Sciences 11\/}, 2, 101--122.}

%\createrefcode{hooperj83}
%{Hooper 1983}
%{Hooper, J.W. 1983.The effects of strategy on
%simulation language characteristics. In {\it Proceedings of the 1983
%Summer Computer Simulation Conference\/} (Vancouver, B.C., Canada, 1983).
%pp. 48--53.}

\createrefcode{gafnids88}
{Gafni 1988}
{Gafni, A. 1988.  Performance measurements of distributed
simulation strategies. In {\it Proceedings of the SCS
Multiconference on Distributed Simulation\/} (San Diego,
California, February 1988). pp. 61--67.

}

\createrefcode{hugheswsc87}
{Hughes et al. 1987.}
{Hughes, C., S.V. Sheppard, and U. Chandra 1987.  Two
implementations of a concurrent simulation environment. In {\it
Proceedings of the 1987 Winter Simulation Conference\/}
(Atlanta, Georgia, December 1987). pp. ???--???.}

\createrefcode{jefferson82}
{Jefferson and Sowizral 1982}
{Jefferson, D.R. and H. Sowizral 1982.
 Fast concurrent
simulation using time warp mechanism, Part I: Local control.
{\it RAND Note No.~N--1906--AF\/}, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica,
California, December 1982.}

\createrefcode{jeffersona85}
{Jefferson and Sowizral 1985}
{Jefferson, D.R. and H. Sowizral 1985.
 Fast concurrent
simulation using the time warp mechanism. In {\it Proceedings
of the Conference on Distributed Simulation
1985, The 1985 SCS Multiconference\/} (San Diego, California, January
1985). 15, 2, pp. 63--69.}

\createrefcode{jeffersonb85}
{Jefferson et al. 1985}
{Jefferson, D.R. et al. 1985.
 Implementation of time warp
on the Caltech hypercube. In {\it Proceedings of the Conference on
Distributed Simulation 1985, The 1985
SCS Multiconference\/} (San Diego, California, January 1985).
15, 2, pp. 70--75.}

\createrefcode{jeffersonc85}
{Jefferson 1985}
{Jefferson, D.R. 1985. Virtual time. {\it ACM
Transactions on Programming Languages 7\/}, 3 (July), 404--425.}

%\createrefcode{jones80}
%{Jones and Schwarz 1980}
%{Jones, A.K. and
%P. Schwarz 1980.  Experience using
%multiprocessor systems - a status report. {\it Computing Surveys\/},
%12, 2 (June 1980), 121--165.}

%\createrefcode{kiviat71}
%{Kiviat 1971}
%{Kiviat, P.J. (1971), Simulation languages. {\it On
%Computer Simulation Experiments with Models of Economic Systems. T.H.
%Naylor, Ed\/}, John Wiley \& Sons, New York, 406--489.}

%\createrefcode{klahr82}
%{Klahr 1982}
%{Klahr, P. 1982.  Overview
%of the ROSS simulation system.
%In {\it Proc.~of the 10th IMACS World Congress on System Simulation and
%%Scientific Computation\/} (August 1982). pp. 67--69.}
%
%
%\createrefcode{krishnamurthi84}
%{Krishnamurthi and Young 1984}
%{Krishnamurthi, M. and
%R.E. Young 1984.
% A multitasking
%implementation of system simulation : The emulation of an
%asynchronous parallel processor for system simulation using a
%single processor. In {\it Proc.~of the 1984 Winter Simulation
%Conference\/} (Dallas, Texas, November 1984). pp. 261--271.}

\createrefcode{krishnamurthim85}
{Krishnamurthi et al. 1985}
{Krishnamurthi, M., U. Chandra,
and S. Sheppard 1985. Two appproaches to the
implementation of a distributed
simulation system. In {\it Proceedings of the 1985 Winter Simulation
Conference\/} (San Francisco, California, December
11--13, 1985). pp. 435--443.}

\createrefcode{lamport78}
{Lamport 1978}
{Lamport, L. 1978. Time, clocks and
the ordering of events in a distributed system. {\it Communications of the
ACM 21\/}, 7 (July), 558--565.}

\createrefcode{lomowds88}
{Lomow et al. 1988}
{Lomow, G. et al. 1988.  A performance study of the time warp.
In {\it Proceedings of the SCS
Multiconference on Distributed Simulation\/} (San Diego,
California, February 1988). pp. 50--55.

}

%\createrefcode{mcdonald80}{McDonald et al. 1980}
%{McDonald, W.C., H.O. Welch, and
%J.D. Reynolds,
% Distributed simulation host: A distributed test bed.
%In {\it Proc.~of
%the COMPSAC 80\/}, (October 1980). pp. 562--568.}
%
%
%\createrefcode{misra84}
%{Misra 1984}
%{Misra, J. 1984.  Distributed
%simulation. {\it Tutorial presented in the Fourth
%International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems\/}, IEEE,
%San Francisco, California, May.}
%
\createrefcode{misraj86}
{Misra 1986}
{Misra, J. 1986.  Distributed Discrete-Event Simulation.
{\it Computing Surveys\/}, 18, 1, 39--65.}

\createrefcode{nicol84}
{Nicol and Reynolds 1984}
{Nicol, D.M. and
P.F. Reynolds 1984.  Problem
oriented protocol
design. In {\it Proc.~of the 1984 Winter Simulation Conference\/} (Dallas,
Texas, November 1984). pp. 471--474.}

\createrefcode{nicold85}
{Nicol and Reynolds 1985a}
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\vfill\eject

\bye

------------------------------

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| END OF SIMULATION DIGEST |
+--------------------------+