2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Keith Owen » Mon, 08 Apr 2002 00:30:20



Standardize the makefiles for aic7xxx and aic7xxx/aicasm.
  Use standard kbuild 2.4 rules.
  Add missing dependencies for generated files.
  Remove .NOTPARALLEL, only required because the dependencies were missing.
  Add yet more generated aic7xxx files to clean list.

Correct drivers/scsi/Makefile for invocation of aic7xxx.

Remove $(MOD_TARGET) from Rules.make.  It was only used by the old
aic7xxx makefile and it breaks the placement rules for modules.

Index: 19-pre6.1/drivers/scsi/Makefile
--- 19-pre6.1/drivers/scsi/Makefile Tue, 05 Feb 2002 09:59:16 +1100 kaos (linux-2.4/U/b/31_Makefile 1.1.4.3.3.1.2.3.1.4 644)

   obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_AACRAID)   += aacraid/aacraid.o
 endif
 ifeq ($(CONFIG_SCSI_AIC7XXX),y)
-obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_AIC7XXX)     += aic7xxx/aic7xxx_drv.o
+  obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_AIC7XXX)   += aic7xxx/aic7xxx.o
 endif
 obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_AIC7XXX_OLD) += aic7xxx_old.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_IPS)         += ips.o
Index: 19-pre6.1/Rules.make
--- 19-pre6.1/Rules.make Fri, 05 Apr 2002 16:52:19 +1000 kaos (linux-2.4/T/c/47_Rules.make 1.1.2.2.3.3 644)

 _modinst__: dummy
 ifneq "$(strip $(ALL_MOBJS))" ""
        mkdir -p $(MODLIB)/kernel/$(MOD_DESTDIR)
-       cp $(ALL_MOBJS) $(MODLIB)/kernel/$(MOD_DESTDIR)$(MOD_TARGET)
+       cp $(ALL_MOBJS) $(MODLIB)/kernel/$(MOD_DESTDIR)
 endif

 .PHONY: modules_install
Index: 19-pre6.1/Makefile
--- 19-pre6.1/Makefile Fri, 05 Apr 2002 16:52:19 +1000 kaos (linux-2.4/T/c/50_Makefile 1.1.2.15.1.2.2.25.2.2.1.17.1.4.1.29.1.40.1.20 644)

        drivers/zorro/devlist.h drivers/zorro/gen-devlist \
        drivers/sound/bin2hex drivers/sound/hex2hex \
        drivers/atm/fore200e_mkfirm drivers/atm/{pca,sba}*{.bin,.bin1,.bin2} \
+       drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/aicasm \
        drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/aicasm_gram.c \
+       drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/aicasm_gram.h \
+       drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/aicasm_macro_gram.c \
+       drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/aicasm_macro_gram.h \
+       drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/aicasm_macro_scan.c \
        drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/aicasm_scan.c \
+       drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/aicdb.h \
        drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/y.tab.h \
-       drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/aicasm \
        drivers/scsi/53c700_d.h \
        net/khttpd/make_times_h \
        net/khttpd/times.h \
Index: 19-pre6.1/drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/Makefile
--- 19-pre6.1/drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/Makefile Thu, 21 Mar 2002 10:50:19 +1100 kaos (linux-2.4/y/d/8_Makefile 1.2.1.1.2.2 644)

 LFLAGS= -d
 endif

-.NOTPARALLEL:
-
 $(PROG):  ${GENHDRS} $(SRCS)
        $(AICASM_CC) $(AICASM_CFLAGS) $(SRCS) -o $(PROG)

Index: 19-pre6.1/drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/Makefile
--- 19-pre6.1/drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/Makefile Thu, 21 Mar 2002 10:50:19 +1100 kaos (linux-2.4/y/d/24_Makefile 1.1.1.1.2.2 644)

 # Makefile for the Linux aic7xxx SCSI driver.
 #

-O_TARGET := aic7xxx_drv.o
-
-list-multi     := aic7xxx_mod.o aic79xx_mod.o
-
-ifeq (aic7xxx_core.c, $(wildcard aic7xxx_core.c))
-obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_AIC7XXX)     += aic7xxx.o
-endif
+O_TARGET := aic7xxx.o
+obj-m   := $(O_TARGET)

 #EXTRA_CFLAGS += -g

 # Platform Specific Files
-AIC7XXX_OBJS = aic7xxx_osm.o
-AIC7XXX_OBJS += aic7xxx_proc.o aic7770_osm.o
+obj-y                  := aic7xxx_osm.o aic7xxx_proc.o aic7770_osm.o
 #PCI Specific Platform Files
-ifeq ($(CONFIG_PCI),y)
-AIC7XXX_OBJS += aic7xxx_osm_pci.o
-endif
+obj-$(CONFIG_PCI)      += aic7xxx_osm_pci.o
 # Core Files
-AIC7XXX_OBJS += aic7xxx_core.o aic7xxx_93cx6.o aic7770.o
+obj-y                  += aic7xxx_core.o aic7xxx_93cx6.o aic7770.o
 #PCI Specific Core Files
-ifeq ($(CONFIG_PCI),y)
-AIC7XXX_OBJS += aic7xxx_pci.o
-endif
-
-# Override our module desitnation
-MOD_DESTDIR = $(shell cd .. && $(CONFIG_SHELL) $(TOPDIR)/scripts/pathdown.sh)
+obj-$(CONFIG_PCI)      += aic7xxx_pci.o

 include $(TOPDIR)/Rules.make

-.NOPARALLEL:
-
-aic7xxx.o: aic7xxx_seq.h aic7xxx_reg.h $(AIC7XXX_OBJS)

-
 ifeq ($(CONFIG_AIC7XXX_BUILD_FIRMWARE),y)
 aic7xxx_seq.h aic7xxx_reg.h: aic7xxx.seq aic7xxx.reg aicasm/aicasm
        aicasm/aicasm -I. -r aic7xxx_reg.h -o aic7xxx_seq.h aic7xxx.seq
-endif

 aicasm/aicasm: aicasm/*.[chyl]
        $(MAKE) -C aicasm
+
+# Only aic7xxx_core.c includes aic7xxx_seq.h.
+aic7xxx_core.o: aic7xxx_seq.h
+
+# aic7xxx_reg.h is messy.  It is included by aic7xxx.h which is included by
+# aic7xxx_osm.h which is included by several .c files.  Play safe and make all
+# object files depend on aic7xxx_reg.h.
+
+$(obj-y): aic7xxx_reg.h
+
+endif

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2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Justin T. Gibb » Mon, 08 Apr 2002 05:00:10


Quote:>Standardize the makefiles for aic7xxx and aic7xxx/aicasm.
>  Use standard kbuild 2.4 rules.

Are these documented somewhere?  I emulated "scsi/Makefile" some
time back, but it must be out of date with current conventions.

Three other quick questions:

1) Why doesn't "make dep" pickup the dependencies you have added
   explicitly the aic7xxx/Makefile?  I would expect at least this
   dependency to be picked up:

+
+# Only aic7xxx_core.c includes aic7xxx_seq.h.
+aic7xxx_core.o: aic7xxx_seq.h

    The other, indirect, dependencies (through aic7xxx.h) are picked
    up in every other OS this driver supports.  I suppose "make dep"'s
    shortcuts mean you have to hard code stuff to make it work.

2) Are there plans to allow "down tree" Makefiles to list there own
   clean files?  Having to modify the top level Makefile is a bit messy.

3) Why remove the ability to override the module target name?  I eventually
   renamed my driver's main file to avoid this issue because I will be adding
   a second driver to the aic7xxx/Makefile (U320), but this same thing
   will probably come up again.

Lastly, I'm not sure why there was a discrepancy between aic7xxx_drv.o
and aic7xxx.o.  I just checked my local tree, and scsi/Makefile was
already corrected.  I will have to verify the files in the future, post
merge, to make sure all of the changes have been accepted.

Thanks for you help on this.

--
Justin
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2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Keith Owen » Mon, 08 Apr 2002 08:10:09


On Sat, 06 Apr 2002 12:58:07 -0700,

Quote:>>Standardize the makefiles for aic7xxx and aic7xxx/aicasm.
>>  Use standard kbuild 2.4 rules.

>Are these documented somewhere?  I emulated "scsi/Makefile" some
>time back, but it must be out of date with current conventions.

No, you have to understand the interaction between the magic make
variables and the undocumented processing in Rules.make.  This is one
of the reasons that the new kernel build mechanism (kbuild 2.5) has
complete documentation on its language and how it works.

Quote:>Three other quick questions:

>1) Why doesn't "make dep" pickup the dependencies you have added
>   explicitly the aic7xxx/Makefile?  I would expect at least this
>   dependency to be picked up:

>+
>+# Only aic7xxx_core.c includes aic7xxx_seq.h.
>+aic7xxx_core.o: aic7xxx_seq.h

>    The other, indirect, dependencies (through aic7xxx.h) are picked
>    up in every other OS this driver supports.  I suppose "make dep"'s
>    shortcuts mean you have to hard code stuff to make it work.

Congratulations, you just found one of the (many) problems with make dep.
make dep is only run at the start (before aic7xxx_seq.h is generated)
and it silently ignores includes for files that do not exist at that
time.  So no dependencies for aic7xxx_seq.h are detected.

make dep does a reasonable job at dependencies for files that always
exist.  It is no good for generated files, you have to explicitly
specify such dependencies.

kbuild 2.5 is better.  You still have to tell make that a generated
file must be created before make can build anything that includes that
file, otherwise you get compile errors on a parallel build, this is a
make restriction.  However the kbuild 2.5 dependency tracking is
continuous, it is not run once like make dep, so kbuild 2.5 does more
accurate tracking of dependencies.

Quote:>2) Are there plans to allow "down tree" Makefiles to list there own
>   clean files?  Having to modify the top level Makefile is a bit messy.

Already done in kbuild 2.5.  Most clean targets are automatically
generate as a side effect of the kbuild 2.5 statements, no user action
required.  You can add your own clean and mrproper entries for the very
rare cases when they are not automatically added.

Quote:>3) Why remove the ability to override the module target name?  I eventually
>   renamed my driver's main file to avoid this issue because I will be adding
>   a second driver to the aic7xxx/Makefile (U320), but this same thing
>   will probably come up again.

Your code was the only one that tried to override the module name and
that was because your code was the only one that was breaking the
kbuild rules.  When a conglomerate object exists, all the objects that
make up that conglomerate must have unique names.  As long as you
follow the rules and do not have foo.c at the the same time as you link
multiple objects into foo.o then there are no problems.

For u320, ensure that the source is u320_core.c (not u320.c) and the
conglomerate is u320.o and there will be no problems with the module
name.

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2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Justin T. Gibb » Tue, 09 Apr 2002 12:00:09


Quote:>>3) Why remove the ability to override the module target name?  I eventually
>>   renamed my driver's main file to avoid this issue because I will be adding
>>   a second driver to the aic7xxx/Makefile (U320), but this same thing
>>   will probably come up again.

>Your code was the only one that tried to override the module name and
>that was because your code was the only one that was breaking the
>kbuild rules.

My complaint is that kbuild mixes module naming convention with source
file names when they should be separate.  For instance, if RedHat want
to ship my driver as "aic7xxx_experimental.o", they have to rename files
instead of make a single line change to the Makefile.

Quote:>When a conglomerate object exists, all the objects that
>make up that conglomerate must have unique names.

I'm complaining about the install target, not the link or compile targets.
The user doesn't really care what the latter are so long as they can find
the module if they build it.

Quote:>For u320, ensure that the source is u320_core.c (not u320.c) and the
>conglomerate is u320.o and there will be no problems with the module
>name.

That convention is already being followed.

The only problem I have now is how to map your changes to aic7xxx/Makefile
when it has two targets.  What I'd done prior to your mail was:

1) Build each driver independently using AIC7XXX_OBJS and AIC79XX_OBJS and
   a final LD step.
2) Add each driver .o to obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_AIC7XXX) and
   obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_AIC79XX) respectively.
3) Set O_TARGET to aic7xxx_drv.o to handle the case of one or more being
   configured for static linkage.
4) Have scsi/Makefile pull in aic7xxx_drv.o as appropriate.

The version of the Makefile you changed is just an edited down copy of
the above.  Perhaps that explains partially why it was the way it was.
I'd be more than happy to fix this up some other way, but I don't think
I can use the obj-y stuff directly as you have proposed in your patch
once I add the second driver (as soon as we hit Beta which should be
~two weeks away).

--
Justin
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2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Keith Owen » Tue, 09 Apr 2002 13:00:12


On Sun, 07 Apr 2002 20:51:03 -0600,

Quote:>My complaint is that kbuild mixes module naming convention with source
>file names when they should be separate.  For instance, if RedHat want
>to ship my driver as "aic7xxx_experimental.o", they have to rename files
>instead of make a single line change to the Makefile.

That is a deliberate design decision, the installed module under
/lib/modules has the same name and relative path as the object that is
built in the kernel tree.  Keeping them the same makes it much easier
to debug kernel problems, a module called aic7xxx_experimental.o could
come from anywhere.  If somebody wants to create a new version of an
existing driver while keeping the original name, they have to set up
the new files and the rules accordingly.

Quote:>I'm complaining about the install target, not the link or compile targets.
>The user doesn't really care what the latter are so long as they can find
>the module if they build it.

See above.

Quote:>>For u320, ensure that the source is u320_core.c (not u320.c) and the
>>conglomerate is u320.o and there will be no problems with the module
>>name.

>That convention is already being followed.

>The only problem I have now is how to map your changes to aic7xxx/Makefile
>when it has two targets.  What I'd done prior to your mail was:

>1) Build each driver independently using AIC7XXX_OBJS and AIC79XX_OBJS and
>   a final LD step.
>2) Add each driver .o to obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_AIC7XXX) and
>   obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_AIC79XX) respectively.
>3) Set O_TARGET to aic7xxx_drv.o to handle the case of one or more being
>   configured for static linkage.
>4) Have scsi/Makefile pull in aic7xxx_drv.o as appropriate.

>The version of the Makefile you changed is just an edited down copy of
>the above.  Perhaps that explains partially why it was the way it was.
>I'd be more than happy to fix this up some other way, but I don't think
>I can use the obj-y stuff directly as you have proposed in your patch
>once I add the second driver (as soon as we hit Beta which should be
>~two weeks away).

Agreed, this is one of the limitations of kbuild 2.4.  It is relatively
easy to build everything in a directory into a single conglomerate,
that requirement is so common that it is the default case for
Rules.make.

Having multiple conglomerates gets messy, especially if you allow a
mixture of built in and modular selection and if it is possible for
everything to be a module with no built in stubs.  The generic case
looks like this

drivers/scsi/yourdir/Makefile

O_TARGET := dummy.o     # needed to trigger some Rules.make processing
list-multi := module1.o module2.o
module1-objs := obj1a.o obj1b.o ...
module2-objs := obj2a.o obj2b.o ...
obj-$(CONFIG_module1) += module1.o
obj-$(CONFIG_module2) += module2.o
include Rules.make
module1.o: $(module1-objs)

module2.o: $(module2-objs)

and in drivers/scsi/Makefile

subdir-y += yourdir
subdir-m += yourdir
ifeq ($(CONFIG_module1),y)
  obj-y += yourdir/module1.o
endif
ifeq ($(CONFIG_module2),y)
  obj-y += yourdir/module2.o
endif

That should handle all combinations of CONFIG_module1=[ymn] and
CONFIG_module2=[ymn].  As long as module1.o and module2.o have no
common sub-objects, i.e. the module1-objs and module2-objs lists have
no duplicates.  If there are common sub-objects then it gets even more
complicated.

Because the above processing for multiple conglomerates is so messy, a
lot of developers use multiple directories, each containing one
conglomerate.  Then you can fall back on the default Rules.make
processing in each directory.

<blatant plug>

BTW, this is _so_ much simpler in kbuild 2.5.  Unlike kbuild 2.4 which
makes one case easy and everything else messy, kbuild 2.5 makes
everything easy.  Single and multiple conglomerates are all handled the
same, even the single case is easier to code in 2.5.

  objlink(module1.o obj1a.o obj1b.o ...)
  objlink(module2.o obj2a.o obj2b.o ...)
  select(CONFIG_module1 module1.o)
  select(CONFIG_module2 module2.o)

and in drivers/scsi/Makefile.in

  link_subdirs(yourdir)

That is it!

</blatant plug>

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2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Justin T. Gibb » Tue, 09 Apr 2002 13:30:11


Quote:>That is a deliberate design decision, the installed module under
>/lib/modules has the same name and relative path as the object that is
>built in the kernel tree.  Keeping them the same makes it much easier
>to debug kernel problems, a module called aic7xxx_experimental.o could
>come from anywhere.

That's a pretty weak argument coming from an OS that doesn't ship
with a kernel de* <grumble> by default.   After all, modules
can still come from anywhere (say a floppy).  I still think
this is a silly policy, but as you can see by the recent renaming
of the driver files, I've come to accept it. 8-)

Quote:>Having multiple conglomerates gets messy, especially if you allow a
>mixture of built in and modular selection and if it is possible for
>everything to be a module with no built in stubs.  The generic case
>looks like this

Since this is the case, and the Makefile will return to this format
as soon as the U320 driver is released, can we come up with an
interrim Makefile that assumes the new driver will show up shortly?

Quote:>Because the above processing for multiple conglomerates is so messy, a
>lot of developers use multiple directories, each containing one
>conglomerate.  Then you can fall back on the default Rules.make
>processing in each directory.

Both drivers use the same assembler.  Otherwise I would have split
the second out into its own directory.

--
Justin
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2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Keith Owen » Thu, 11 Apr 2002 11:50:08


On Sun, 07 Apr 2002 22:27:40 -0600,
"Justin T. Gibbs" <gi...@scsiguy.com> wrote:

>kaos wrote
>>Having multiple conglomerates gets messy, especially if you allow a
>>mixture of built in and modular selection and if it is possible for
>>everything to be a module with no built in stubs.  The generic case
>>looks like this

>Since this is the case, and the Makefile will return to this format
>as soon as the U320 driver is released, can we come up with an
>interrim Makefile that assumes the new driver will show up shortly?

I renew my standing offer that goes back to June 2001.  If you agree to

* use the standard Linux kernel build methods
* stop shipping files and overwriting them at run time
* make the decision about firmware generation automatic instead of
  manual
* remove the BSD'isms from the Linux aic7xxx Makefiles

then I will happily write clean aic7xxx makefiles and support them.
But if you insist on doing it your own way that does not match the
Linux kernel build, then I am afraid that you are on your own.

Why shipping files and overwritten them at build time is a bad idea,
and why relying on a manual switch to regenerate files is the lazy
approach.  From kbuild-2.5/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild-2.5.txt.

SHIPPING GENERATED FILES

  In general it is bad practice to include generated files in the kernel
  source tree.  The only exceptions are when the generating code is not in
  the kernel or when the generating code is in the kernel but it requires
  additional tools which not all users have installed.  An example of a
  generated file without the code to regenerate it is firmware for a network
  driver.  An example of a generation process that requires extra tools is
  drivers/char/defkeymap.c which requires the loadkeys program.

  There is no justification for shipping any other generated file as part of
  the kernel.  This is especially true if the user is always expected to
  regenerate the file, even more so if the generated data depends upon the
  user's .config.  Under these circumstances it is dangerous to ship a
  generated file because it can be used when it does not reflect the user's
  kernel.

  When a generated file has no kernel support to regenerate it, the file can
  be shipped as is.  The question of whether including generated files in the
  kernel without the underlying code is a violation of the kernel license is
  outside the scope of this document.

  For generated files where the code is included but not all users can run
  it, you must be careful about when the generated file is rebuilt.  make
  looks at the time stamp of the generating and generated files to decide if
  the output needs to be regenerated.  This works for the person making the
  changes because they control when the files are updated.

  Time stamps do not work when the change is issued to the rest of the world
  as a diff.  After patch has run you cannot guarantee which of the updated
  files has the more recent time.  The patch program does not preserve time
  stamps (it must not) so the time stamps on the changed files depend on the
  order of the entries in the patch set.  There is no defined order for
  entries in a patch set, it depends on the program that generated the
  difference listing.  GNU diff generates patches in alphabetical order but
  only when it is given an entire directory.  When diff is invoked from a
  source repository tool it is typically called once for each file and the
  file order is controlled by the repository tool.  Even if your repository
  generates the patch in the correct order, that order can change when the
  patch is merged into the kernel.

  Since you cannot rely on time stamps to decide if a generated and shipped
  file needs to be regenerated, you must use another mechanism for this case.
  There are two basic possibilities, manual or automatic (otherwise known as
  lazy or correct).

  In the manual case you ignore changes to the generated or generating files
  until the user performs some manual operation, such as selecting
  CONFIG_REGENERATE_foo.  This is easy to implement but it is also the lazy
  approach, making the end user do extra work to save the maintainer doing
  anything.  This goes against the whole idea of *automatically* deciding
  what needs to be rebuilt, instead it relies on human intervention.

  In the automatic case the maintainer has to do more work but the make rules
  can automatically determine if the end user has changed any of the related
  files and regenerate automatically.  This is the correct approach.  In the
  absence of reliable time stamps you need another method to check if the
  generating and generated files are in sync or not.  The obvious method is a
  checksum of files.

  Given a generated file 'foo' and a script to generate it 'foo-gen' which
  not all users can run because they may not have the required software
  installed.

    foo_files := $(srcfile foo-gen) $(srcfile foo.out_shipped)
    $(objfile foo_sum.d): $(srcfile foo_sum) $(foo_files)
            $(KBUILD_QUIET)(set -e;
              mkdir -p $(objdir); \
              sed -e 's:$$[ABD-Z][^$$]*\$$::g' $(foo_files) > \
                $(objfile .tmp_foo_files); \
              ($(MD5SUM) -c $(srcfile foo_sum) >/dev/null 2>&1 && \
                echo S OK || echo F) > $@; \
              rm $(objfile .tmp_foo_files); \
            )

    user_command(foo.out
            ($(objfile foo_sum.d))
            ([ "`cat $<`" = "S OK" ] &&
              (cp $(srcfile $(@F)_shipped) $@) ||
              (set -ex ; $(srcfile foo-gen) > $(objfile foo.out)))
            ()
            )

    # Exception: this writes to the source tree.  The target must be
    # explicitly requested.
    .PHONY: foo_sum_shipped
    foo_sum_shipped: $(objfile foo.out)
            @cmp -s $(objfile foo.out) $(srcfile foo.out_shipped) || \
                 mv $(objfile foo.out) $(srcfile foo.out_shipped)
            @( \
             set -e; \
             sed -e 's:$$[ABD-Z][^$$]*\$$::g' $(foo_files) > \
                $(objfile .tmp_foo_files); \
              $(MD5SUM) $(objfile .tmp_foo_files) > $(objfile .tmp_$(@F)) && \
              cmp -s $(objfile .tmp_$(@F)) $(srcfile foo_sum) || \
                (echo Updating checksum for foo; \
                 mv $(objfile .tmp_$(@F)) $(srcfile foo_sum)); \
            )
            @rm -f $(objfile foo_sum.d) $(objfile .tmp_$(@F)) \
              $(objfile .tmp_foo_files)

    ifsel(CONFIG_foo)
      all_sum_shipped: foo_sum_shipped
    endif

  That is boiler plate code which can be used for any shipped files, by
  globally replacing 'foo-gen' and 'foo'.  To initialize the sequence, touch
  $(srcfile foo_sum) and $(srcfile foo.out_shipped) then make
  foo_sum_shipped.  Thereafter any real change to the foo files will
  regenerate foo, ignoring any spurious time stamp differences caused by
  patch.  It removes all need for special configuration options, if anybody
  changes the input files then kbuild automatically rebuilds foo when it is
  used.  Users who do not change the input files get the shipped version when
  foo is required.

    foo_files       - List all the source files, including the generating
                      code and the shipped version of foo.  The list does not
                      include foo_sum.
    foo_sum         - Checksum over $(foo_files), i.e. the master copies.
                      The checksum ignores RCS id and date strings.
    foo_sum.d       - Built on the first make and when any of the input files
                      are updated after the first make.  foo_sum.d either
                      contains 'S OK' (sum is valid) or 'F' (failed).
    user_command    - Creates the working copy of foo, either from the
                      shipped copy (sum is valid) or by running foo-gen (sum
                      does not match, a real change has occurred).  Watch the
                      parenthesis in the user_command, in particular the use
                      of foo-gen requires () around the set of commands.
    foo_sum_shipped - Takes the latest version of foo, generating it if
                      necessary and writes it back to the source tree as
                      foo.out_shipped.  Generates a new checksum
                      automatically.  Note: This command must be manually
                      specified by the foo maintainer before shipping a new
                      version of foo.

  For a concrete example, see defkeymap.c in drivers/char/Makefile.in.

  Because this is boiler plate code, it has been automated.

    shipped(prefix
             (generated files)
             (generating files)
             (commands to create all the generated files)
             (CONFIG dependencies to select all_sum_shipped)
           )

  The first field is the prefix for variables and for _sum files.  It must be
  globally unique in the kbuild files.

  The generated files are bare names, without '/', without '_shipped', no
  $(objfile) or $(srcfile) is allowed, in fact no $(variables) are accepted.
  These names are used to create the user_command() and the 'cp' commands,
  one for each generated file.  Because user_command() only takes one target,
  all the other generated files are defined as side_effect()s of the last
  target, you must list the generated files in the order that they are
  created by your commands.

  The generating files are bare names and list the source files used to
  generate the targets.  For example, scripts, tables, lex or yacc code.

  The commands define how you create the target files if the shipped versions
  of the targets are no longer valid, i.e. the checksum has failed.  I
  recommend that the first command is 'set -ex;'.

  The config dependencies are zero or more configs to check.  If any are
  selected then all_sum_shipped is extended with foo_sum_shipped.

  The code above shrinks to these few lines.

    shipped(foo
             (foo.out)
             (foo-gen)
...

read more »

 
 
 

2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Justin T. Gibb » Fri, 12 Apr 2002 01:00:12


>On Sun, 07 Apr 2002 22:27:40 -0600,

>>kaos wrote
>>>Having multiple conglomerates gets messy, especially if you allow a
>>>mixture of built in and modular selection and if it is possible for
>>>everything to be a module with no built in stubs.  The generic case
>>>looks like this

>>Since this is the case, and the Makefile will return to this format
>>as soon as the U320 driver is released, can we come up with an
>>interrim Makefile that assumes the new driver will show up shortly?

>I renew my standing offer that goes back to June 2001.  If you agree to

>* use the standard Linux kernel build methods

This is already true of the aic7xxx/Makefile for 2.4 since it will
have a second target shortly.  I even spent yesturday changing the
file from AIC7XXX-OBJ to obj-aic7xxx to better follow your example.
In the next release, scsi/Makefile will also include aic7xxx.o instead
of aic7xxx_drv.o as you requested.

I have not looked at 2.5.

Quote:>* stop shipping files and overwriting them at run time
>* make the decision about firmware generation automatic instead of
>  manual

Not this again.

From my own soapbox on this matter:

SHIPPING GENERATED FILES

In general, it is bad practice to even attempt to ship generated files
in the Linux kernel build with the source of the utilities to build those
files as in Linux you can't know what miss-match of tools the user is going
to have.  If you're lucky, they have a compiler with bugs that won't affect
you, but since there is no "standard toolset" that userland distributions
include, you cannot rely on even the tools that are necessary to rebuild the
compiler: lex and yacc.  Even if the tools to build the tools to generate
your files exist in all cases (toungue twister), triggering the tool build
from within the kernel build can be "interesting" as you try and dissassociate
the tool make environment from the kernel build environment which may make
assumptions that don't apply to your tool.

The whole reliance on using patches as a general purpose upgrade tool
in Linux is left for another discussion.  My only hope is that with the
move to using bitkeeper, this reliance will fade.

So, we are left with three options:

1) Don't bother shipping the code to regenerate the file.
2) Make it manually selectable for the .00000001% of users that
   might want or need to modify the generated files.
3) Make the makefiles rely on sed, md5, and cmp in addition to
   gmake and sh, an additional generated file and a script to automate
   a process that really doesn't benefit from being automated.

Option #3 is simply complicated and overengineered.

The mechanism we have in place today works.  Other than one mixup in
May or June of 2001, during the early adoption of this driver, it has
always worked.

The old driver included the firmware source but no tools to rebuild it.
I will happily do the same if this is more aesthetically pleasing.
Considering that this is an open source project, it just seems silly to
me to not ship the tools too as there is already a simple mechanism to
allow their use in place already.

Quote:>* remove the BSD'isms from the Linux aic7xxx Makefiles

Are you talking about aic7xxx/aicasm/Makefile?  That makefile
does not use kbuild mecanisms becaues it is building a userland
application.  The aic7xxx/Makefile (at least for 2.4 - again haven't
even looked at 2.5) seems to follow your own suggestions assuming
there will be two targets.

Quote:>then I will happily write clean aic7xxx makefiles and support them.
>But if you insist on doing it your own way that does not match the
>Linux kernel build, then I am afraid that you are on your own.

Then why bother sending a patch to Marcello?

--
Justin
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2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Roman Zippe » Fri, 12 Apr 2002 05:00:10


Hi,


>     foo_files := $(srcfile foo-gen) $(srcfile foo.out_shipped)
>     $(objfile foo_sum.d): $(srcfile foo_sum) $(foo_files)

Why don't we use a script like this:

set -e
src=$1
dst=$2
shift 2

test -f $dst && tail -1 $dst | sed 's,/\* \(.*\) \*/,\1,' | md5sum -c &&
touch $dst && exit 0


echo "/* $(md5sum $src) */" >> $dst

Then just call it with:
        <script> <src> <dst> <build command>

This is much simpler and also it also gets rid of these small checksum
files.

bye, Roman
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2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Keith Owen » Fri, 12 Apr 2002 09:10:10


On Wed, 10 Apr 2002 21:52:57 +0200,



>>     foo_files := $(srcfile foo-gen) $(srcfile foo.out_shipped)
>>     $(objfile foo_sum.d): $(srcfile foo_sum) $(foo_files)

>Why don't we use a script like this:

>set -e
>src=$1
>dst=$2
>shift 2

>test -f $dst && tail -1 $dst | sed 's,/\* \(.*\) \*/,\1,' | md5sum -c &&
>touch $dst && exit 0


>echo "/* $(md5sum $src) */" >> $dst

>Then just call it with:
>    <script> <src> <dst> <build command>

>This is much simpler and also it also gets rid of these small checksum
>files.

There can be multiple destination files, e.g. running yacc produces a
.c and a .h file.

The generated file is not necessarily .[ch], wrapping the md5sum in
/* */ may break some generated files.  AFAIK all currently generated
files are .[ch] but I do not want to restrict future builds.

The output can change without the inputs changing.  For example, the
distributor might find a bug in the tool that generates the file,
install a new version of the tool and regenerate.  The inputs have not
changed but the output has.  To detect this, the md5sum is across all
files, including the outputs, which makes it impossible to store the
sum in one of the output files.

Unlikely I know, but I want 100% coverage on these special cases.  90%
reliability on a kernel build was acceptable when everybody was an
expert, but not now that the population of kernel builders is in the
tens of thousands.  There are far too many build problems where the
response is "make mrproper", because of the special cases that fail.

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2.4.19-pre6 standardize {aic7xxx,aicasm}/Makefile

Post by Roman Zippe » Fri, 12 Apr 2002 21:50:07


Hi,


> There can be multiple destination files, e.g. running yacc produces a
> .c and a .h file.

The checksum only needs to be stored in one of them.

Quote:> The generated file is not necessarily .[ch], wrapping the md5sum in
> /* */ may break some generated files.  AFAIK all currently generated
> files are .[ch] but I do not want to restrict future builds.

The wrapping could be changed with an argument and if everything fails,
the checksum can still be put into a separate file.

Quote:> The output can change without the inputs changing.  For example, the
> distributor might find a bug in the tool that generates the file,
> install a new version of the tool and regenerate.  The inputs have not
> changed but the output has.  To detect this, the md5sum is across all
> files, including the outputs, which makes it impossible to store the
> sum in one of the output files.

What exactly are you detecting? Simply regenerate the files and distribute
the changes, the checksum won't change, but I don't understand how that
should matter.
What other problem are you trying to solve? My simple script solves the
problem of unreliable time stamps, when applying patches. Unless the user
changes the inputs, the output files won't be regenerated.

bye, Roman

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1. 2.4.19-pre6 standardize aacraid/Makefile

Standardize the makefile for aacraid to use common kbuild 2.4 rules.

Index: 19-pre6.1/drivers/scsi/aacraid/Makefile
--- 19-pre6.1/drivers/scsi/aacraid/Makefile Mon, 10 Dec 2001 10:51:02 +1100 kaos (linux-2.4/O/f/4_Makefile 1.1 644)

 EXTRA_CFLAGS   += -I$(TOPDIR)/drivers/scsi

+O_TARGET       := aacraid.o
+obj-m          := $(O_TARGET)

-O_TARGET       := dummy.o
-
-list-multi     := aacraid.o
-aacraid-objs   := linit.o aachba.o commctrl.o comminit.o commsup.o \
+obj-y          := linit.o aachba.o commctrl.o comminit.o commsup.o \
                   dpcsup.o rx.o sap1sup.o

-obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_AACRAID) += aacraid.o
-
 include $(TOPDIR)/Rules.make
-
-aacraid.o: $(aacraid-objs)

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2. BIOS not seeing bootloader

3. Compilation problem in 2.4.19: drivers/scsi/aic7xxx/aicasm/aicasm_gram.y

4. Reverse telnet daemon

5. Kernel panic 2.4.19-pre6 AND 2.4.19-pre5-ac3 - More info - ksymoops

6. Solaris 7 System Administration Certification

7. 2.4.19-pre6 dead Makefile entries

8. automate ftp

9. 2.4.19-rc2 -> 2.4.19-rc3 : no more eth (fwd)

10. 3Ware ok 2.4.19, dies 2.4.19-ac4

11. Promise 20267 hangs with 2.4.19-pre3 and 2.4.19-pre3-ac3

12. 2.4.19-pre6aa1 (possible all kernel after 2.4.19-pre2) athlon PCI workaround

13. kbuild25 version 3.0 for 2.4.19-pre9 and 2.4.19-pre9-ac3