Xresource for Pane-sash color?

1. defining COLOR for Xresources (XDM)

In /var/X11R6/lib/xmd/Xresources there is a section which sets the
colors for the login box for XDM --

    #ifdef COLOR
        "display everything in color"
        "display everything in black and white"

After setting the colors in this file and rebooting, I discovered that
COLOR has apparently not been defined, as all of my text is in black and
white.  Where and to what should COLOR be defined?

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