Welcome to comp.unix.questions [Frequent posting]

Welcome to comp.unix.questions [Frequent posting]

Post by Anthony Peron » Wed, 03 Apr 1996 04:00:00

Ted Timar wrote:

> Archive-name: unix-faq/unix/intro
> Version: $Id: intro,v 2.4 1995/03/28 14:13:34 tmatimar Exp $

> Comp.unix.questions is one of the most popular and highest volume
> newsgroups on Usenet.  This article is a monthly attempt to remind
> potential posters about what is appropriate for this newsgroup.
> If you would like to make any suggestions about the content of
> this article, please contact its maintainer at
> tmati...@isgtec.com.

> Many FAQs, including this one, are available on the archive site
> rtfm.mit.edu in the directory pub/usenet/news.answers.
> The name under which a FAQ is archived appears in the "Archive-Name:"
> line at the top of the article.  This FAQ is archived as
> "unix-faq/unix/intro".

> Companion articles include the answers to some Frequently
> Asked Questions.  You may save yourself a lot of time by reading
> those articles before posting a question to the net.

> If you have not already read the overall Usenet introductory material
> posted to "news.announce.newusers", please do.  Much of this article
> overlaps with the common sense guidelines posted there.

>              Should I Post My Unix Question to the Net?

> Often the answer is "No, you can get an answer a lot faster without
> posting a question." Before you post, you should try -

>     o Reading the manual for your system.  Some day you may encounter
>       the phrase "RTFM", which stands for "Read the Fine Manual"
>       (except 'F' doesn't really stand for "Fine").  If you ask
>       someone a question and they tell you to RTFM, it's an
>       indication that you haven't done your homework.   For instance,
>       if you are having trouble removing a file whose name begins
>       with a "-", check the man page for "rm".  It might tell
>       you what you need to know.

>       When people use terminology like "read(2)", they are referring
>       to the "read" man page in section 2 of the manual (which you
>       would see by using "man 2 read").

>     o Finding a knowledgeable user at your site.  Many sites have
>       at least a few Unix experts who will be happy to help you
>       figure out how to remove a file whose name begins with "-".
>       Many larger sites, particularly universities, may even have
>       paid consultants whose job is to help you with Unix problems.
>       Check with them first.

>     o Find a good introductory book on Unix.  There are plenty of
>       such books available, and you will save yourself a lot
>       of trouble by having one handy and consulting it frequently.
>       (Question 1.5 in the companion articles will let you know
>        where you can find a list of good Unix and C books.)

> Please remember that the comp.unix.* newsgroups are read by over 80,000
> people around the world, and that posting a question to this group will
> cost a lot of time and money by the time your article is distributed to
> Asia, Australia, Europe (west and east), Africa, the middle east,
> and all corners of North, South and Central America.

> Also, some people receive these newsgroups as part of a mailing list
> rather than a newsgroup.  If you're one of these people, please don't
> send a "Remove me from this list" or "UNSUBSCRIBE"  message to the
> wrong place.  Take the time to figure out where you're getting this
> stuff from, and send your request to the mailing list maintainer, *not*
> to the list or newsgroup itself!  Ask your local postmaster for help.
> (One of the answers in the companion articles deals with the details of
> the mailing list.)

>                To Which Newsgroup Should I Post My Question?

> The choice of newsgroup is harder than it used to be.  In the old days,
> you just had to choose between "comp.unix.questions" and
> "comp.unix.wizards".  Now there are a variety of more specific groups.
> Choose one of the following groups carefully.  If you aren't sure where
> your question belongs or if your question is not specific to some
> particular version of Unix, try "comp.unix.questions".  Many
> knowledgeable Unix wizards read that group and will be able to help you.

> Here are the capsule descriptions of various groups you might consider
> (extracted from a monthly posting to "news.announce.newusers")

> comp.unix.questions     General questions from UNIX users and sys admins.
>                         If your question isn't a really good match for one of
>                         the groups below, post it here.

> news.answers            Repository for periodic USENET articles. (Moderated)
>                         This article is crossposted there.
>                         Do not try to post here unless you're
>                         posting a list of FAQ's and their answers.

> comp.unix.shell         Using and programming any UNIX shell.

> comp.lang.c             Discussion about C.

> comp.sources.unix       Postings of complete, UNIX-oriented sources. (Moderated)
> comp.std.unix           Discussion for the P1003 committee on UNIX. (Moderated)
> comp.unix.admin         Administering a Unix-based system.
> comp.unix.aix           IBM's version of UNIX.
> comp.unix.amiga         Unix on the Commodore Amiga
> comp.unix.aux           The version of UNIX for Apple Macintosh II computers.
> comp.unix.bsd           Discussions relating to BSD UNIX.
> comp.unix.internals     Discussions on hacking UNIX internals.
> comp.unix.large         UNIX on mainframes and in large networks.
> comp.unix.misc          Various topics that don't fit other groups.
> comp.unix.programmer    Q&A for people programming under Unix.
> comp.unix.ultrix        Discussions about DEC's Ultrix.
> comp.unix.xenix.misc    General discussions regarding XENIX (except SCO).
> comp.unix.xenix.sco     XENIX versions from the Santa Cruz Operation.
> comp.os.linux.*         Discussion about Linux ...
> comp.lang.perl          Discussion about Perl

> comp.unix.wizards       In-depth discussions of advanced unix topics.
>                         People should not post to this group unless they
>                         have used unix as a user, sysadmin and know details
>                         of the kernel, and how different unix kernels differ.
>                         In other words, don't post to comp.unix.wizards.

>               What Information Should I Include?

> It's hard to include too much information.  There are hundreds of
> different Unix systems out there, and they all have less in common
> than you might think.  If you have a problem and are posting an
> article, please be sure to mention:

>     o A descriptive subject line.  Many people will decide whether
>       to read your article solely on the basis of the subject line,
>       so it should be a good statement of your problem.

>       NOT GOOD                          GOOD

>       "Help"                            "How do I sort a file by line length?"
>       "Csh question"                    "csh dumps core when I use '$<'"

>     o What computer you are using, and what specific version
>       of the operating system it uses.  For instance,

>             SunOS 4.0.1, Sun 3/50
>             4.3BSD-tahoe, Vax 11/780
>             SVR3.2, 3b2

>     o If possible, the *exact* text of any error message you
>       may have encountered.

>       WRONG                             RIGHT

>       "I can't print this file"     "When I type 'lpr Filename', I get
>                                       lpr: Filename: File too ugly to print
>                                      What does this mean?  It isn't in
>                                      the man page.  This is using
>                                      Mueslix 9.3 on a Fax 68086502"

> It's a good idea to post unrelated questions in separate articles,
> so that people can keep different discussions separate.   It's also
> a *very* good idea to include a line or two like this:

>     "Please mail your answers to me and I'll summarize what I get
>      and post the results to comp.unix.questions."

> This prevents many identical responses from different users to the
> same question from clogging up the newsgroup.  And make sure
> you really summarize what you get - don't just concatenate
> all the mail you've received.

> It's also a good idea to read comp.unix.questions for at least a couple
> of weeks after you post your article to see what followup articles
> are posted.

>                 Should I Post an Answer to a Question?

> It's very tempting to post an answer to a question you read on the net,
> especially when you think "Aha, finally - a question I can answer!"
> Consider though that when a simple question is asked, such as the
> sort about to be answered below, many other people around the
> world already know the answer and may be posting their own reply.
> In order to avoid dozens of replies to simple questions, please
> wait a day or so and see if anyone else has already answered
> the question.  If you have something special to contribute, please
> do so, but make sure you're not duplicating something someone else has
> already done.

> You should feel free to reply to any question >by email<.  Even if
> the user gets 200 responses to his question, at least the load on the
> rest of the net is minimized.

>                     What About Posting Source Code?

> Posting small amounts of example code is fine (use comp.sources.unix to
> distribute complete programs) - but please make sure that your code
> runs (or at least compiles) properly.  Don't just type it in while
> editing your posting and hope it will work, no matter how sure you are
> that it will.  We all make mistakes.

>                         What About Those People
>        Who Continue to Ask Stupid or Frequently Asked Questions
>          In Spite of The Frequently Asked Questions Document?

> Just send them a polite mail message, possibly referring them to this document.
> There is no need to flame them on the net - it's busy enough as it is.
> --
> Ted Timar - tmati...@isgtec.com
> ISG Technologies Inc, 6509 Airport Rd., Mississauga, Ont., Canada L4V 1S7

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