Linux Distribution HOWTO (part 1/2)

Linux Distribution HOWTO (part 1/2)

Post by Eric S. Raymon » Wed, 13 Sep 1995 04:00:00

Archive-name: linux/howto/distribution/part1
Last-modified: 12 Sep 95


*** The Linux Distribution HOWTO is posted automatically by the Linux
*** HOWTO coordinator, Greg Hankins <>.  Please
*** direct any comments or questions about this HOWTO to the author,
*** Eric S. Raymond <>.

- --- BEGIN Linux Distribution HOWTO part 1/2 ---

  The Linux Distribution HOWTO
  maintained by Eric S. Raymond,
  v4.1, 7 June 1995

  This document lists the various software distributions and services
  available for Linux via mail order, anonymous FTP, and other sources.
  You are looking at version 4.1, $Date: 1995/06/07 14:09:53 $

  1.  Introduction

  There is no single distribution of the Linux software. Instead, there
  are many such distributions, available both via anonymous FTP and mail
  order on floppy, tape, or CD-ROM. This document is an attempt to
  present information on many of the available distributions of Linux.
  This document also contains information on many miscellaneous services
  and goods available for Linux, ranging from consulting and support to
  T-shirts and virtual beer.

  The purpose of this document is to provide short summaries of the many
  Linux distributions and mail-order services, and to provide pointers
  for the reader to find more information.

  The information presented here is far from complete; there are many
  more Linux distributions and services than are listed here.
  Unfortunately, we have not received submissions from many of the
  organizations providing these services. Please see ``Submissions To
  This Document'' near the end of this document for information on
  making a submission. It's easy and will take less then five minutes.

  1.1.  Document History and the Editorial We

  This document was originated by Bill Riemers.  Matt Welsh maintained
  the second version.  Erik Troan (ewt) maintained the document to
  release 3.0.

  In January 1995, Eric Raymond, while unaware of the existence of this
  document, began to develop a similar FAQ in the format of his now-
  discontinued "PC-clone UNIX Software Buyer's Guide", which had covered
  mainly System V UNIXes and BSD/OS.

  In March 1995, Eric approached Erik about cooperating on a merged
  version.  In early April, Erik went to work for Red Hat Software, and
  (wishing to avoid a conflict of interest) handed the document to Eric.
  Eric merged in a lot of new information and added several new fields
  to the distribution entries.

  Accordingly, this document is a sort of serial collaboration.  The
  editorial `we' generally tags observations by all the maintainers; `I'
  is  Eric (the current one) speaking.

  We are delighted to acknowledge the contributions of all the Linux
  users and Internet hackers who have contributed information and

  1.2.  New versions of this document

  New versions of this document may be posted periodically to the
  newsgroups comp.os.linux.answers and comp.os.linux.misc. The document
  is archived on a number of Linux FTP sites, including
  in pub/Linux/docs/HOWTO.

  You can also view the latest version of this on the World Wide Web via
  the URL <>.

  1.3.  And so on...

  Disclaimer: We make absolutely no guarantee as to the correctness of
  the information, prices, and ordering details given in this document.
  Check the last modified field of each to get an idea of its currency.
  Furthermore, unless otherwise stated the Linux software comes with

  We do not endorse or work for any of the distributors listed in this
  document. We merely include their information here as a service to the
  Linux community, as a ``buyer's guide''. Inclusion in this document
  does not mean that we recommend any of the products listed here.

  Feel free to mail any questions or comments about this HOWTO to Eric
  S. Raymond,  Please do not send me general
  Linux questions or requests for help in choosing a distribution unless
  you're willing to hire me at normal consulting rates; I don't have
  time to deal with them, and I try to put everything I know about
  choosing a distribution in this document.

  And now for the good stuff.

  2.  General Information About Linux Software Distributions

  The current de facto standard distribution is the Slackware release,
  available freely over the net. Slackware is easy to install and fairly
  complete. It's also generally up-to-date with current versions of
  Linux software. The Linux Installation HOWTO documents installation of

  If you have a CD-ROM drive, you have many more distributions to choose
  from. We haven't personally reviewed most of them, and you're more
  likely to get help from people on the Net for network-available
  distributions such as Slackware. On the other hand, some CD-ROM
  distributions come with documentation and support of their own.

  Some distributions, such as Slackware Pro, Red Hat Linux, and
  Yggdrasil take advantage of the storage space available on CD-ROM to
  minimize the amount of hard disk space Linux takes.

  3.  Network Distributions

  In this section, we cover distributions available over the network for
  free.  Many of the CD-ROM are simply re-packaged versions of net

  3.1.  Slackware Linux Distribution

        Patrick Volkerding


     Provider's Description:
        Slackware Linux is a full featured distribution of the Linux
        operating system designed for 386/486 computers with a 3.5"
        floppy. Slackware changes rapidly, but here's a current
        (partial) feature list:

     A: Base Linux system

        Various applications that do not need X

     D: Program Development (C, C++, Kernel source, Lisp, Perl, etc.)

     E: GNU Emacs (19.27, with and without X11 support. Your choice.)

     F: FAQ lists (last updated: Oct 1994)

     I: Info pages.

        Interviews: libraries, include files, Doc and Idraw apps for X

     N: Networking (TCP/IP, UUCP, Mail)

        Object Oriented Programming (GNU Smalltalk 1.1.1) and X11

     Q: All kinds of extra kernels (based on Linux 1.1.59)

     T: TeX

        Tcl/Tk/TclX, Tcl language, and Tk toolkit for developing X apps

     X: XFree-86 3.1 Base X Window System

        Applications for X

        XFree-86 3.1 X server development, PEX extensions, and man pages

        XView3.2p1-X11R6. (OpenLook virtual Window Manager, apps)

     Y: Games (that do not require X)

     Internet Access:
        The home site is, where the latest distribution
        can be found in /pub/linux/slackware.

        FTP only, although various independent distributors provide it
        on disk, floppy, and CD.

     Entry last modified:
        14 Dec 1994

     Editor's Comments:
        A lot of commercial Linuxes are re-packagings of Slackware (see
        the Re-Packagers section below.

  3.2.  MCC Interim Linux

        Dr. A. V. Le Blanc
        University of Manchester

        Net: <>
        FTP:  <>

     Provider's Description:
        Base Linux installation. Complete sources and patches for all
        included software are available. Full details vary from release
        to release; see /pub/linux/mcc-interim/*/Acknowledgements at Roughly: this includes the kernel (with source),
        C, C++, groff, man pages, basic utilities, networking. The
        binaries fit on about 10 floppies. It is also possible to have
        them on a DOS or Linux partition on a hard drive (plus one
        floppy) or on an NFS-mountable partition (plus two floppies).

     Internet Access:
        By anonymous ftp from; mirrored at,,, and elsewhere. At,
        in /pub/linux/mcc-interim.

        Suggestions and contributions are welcome.

     Last Freeze Date:
        Unknown.  New releases approximately every six months.

     Entry last modified:
        May 15 1995.

     Editor's comments:
        The current MCC-Interim release is based on Linux 1.0 with a few
        patches. If you are one of those people who demands to be on top
        of the current release, this release isn't for you. However, if
        you're looking for a small and stable Linux system, this makes a
        good starting point.

        Dr. LeBlanc adds: "And if you do demand to be on top of the
        current release, you can get there from MCC Interim quite
        easily.  For example, to upgrade to the current kernel you need
        only the kernel sources, bdflush, and a new version of procps.
        Of course, you will probably want other things as well... One of
        the big disadvantages of MCC is that it doesn't include X or
        packages that many people want, such as perl or tck/tk.
        Strictly speaking, the distribution has always been intended for
        internal use at MCC, and the fact that many people find it
        useful is serendipitous.  Less strictly speaking, I would say
        that it works better for developers than for people who know
        nothing about Unix.  I recommend the simpler commercial
        distributions and Bogus to people who know nothing.

  3.3.  TAMU Linux Distribution

        Dave Safford
        Texas A&M University,


     Provider's Description:
        TAMU.99p12+ is the latest release in the TAMU linux

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Linux Distribution HOWTO (part 1/2)

Post by Eric S. Raymon » Wed, 13 Sep 1995 04:00:00

Archive-name: linux/howto/distribution/part2
Last-modified: 12 Sep 95


*** The Linux Distribution HOWTO is posted automatically by the Linux
*** HOWTO coordinator, Greg Hankins <>.  Please
*** direct any comments or questions about this HOWTO to the author,
*** Eric S. Raymond <>.

- --- BEGIN Linux Distribution HOWTO part 2/2 ---

  8.1.  Unifix Custom Linux CD-ROM Mastering

        Unifix Software GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany
        Postfach 4918
        D-38039 Braunschweig, Germany

        Vox: +49 (0)531 515161
        Fax: +49 (0)531 515162

     Provider's Description:
        We use our own (Linux based) premastering system to make custom
        CDs which include the customer's programs in addition to our
        Linux distribution. This enables our customers to sell their
        Unix based applications together with operating system tested
        and ready to run. Our CD recorder makes it possible to create
        prototypes and very small series at interesting prices.

        Ask us for more information or prices.

  8.2.  Linux Journal

        Linux Journal
        P.O. Box 85867, Seattle, WA

        Net: <>
        Vox: (206) 782-7753 (206-PUBS-REF)
        Fax: 206-782-7191

     Provider's Description:
        Linux Journal is a monthly publication covering the Linux
        Community. Most material in LJ is new (not reprinted from
        Usenet). Each issue includes columns and articles on Linux
        programming, Free Software Foundation issues, systems
        administration, Questions and Answers, interviews and more. LJ
        is a professional-quality magazine for the Linux community.
        Michael K. Johnson is the editor of Linux Journal.

        Subscriptions are $19/year (US), $24/year (Canada/Mexico),
        $29/year (elsewhere).

        Payment can be made using VISA, MasterCard or American Express
        (make sure you include the credit card number, expiration date
        and signature). We can also accept checks in US $ on US banks.
        If you have a question concerning appropriate method of payment,
        phone or FAX our subscription numbers or send e-mail to  For security reasons we discourage sending credit
        card numbers via e-mail.

        If you are interested in advertising in LJ, call, write or e-
        mail at  Article queries, new product
        announcements and other editorial material should be sent to our
        address above or e-mailed to  Generic
        questions can be sent to

     Entry last modified:
        11 Jan 1995.

  8.3.  Sequoia International Motif Development Package

        Sequoia International, Inc.
        600 West Hillsboro Blvd,
        Suite 300, Deerfield Beach, FL 33441,

        Net: <>
        Vox: (305) 480-6118
        Fax: (305) 480-6198

     Provider's Description:
        Sequoia International, Inc. has a complete Motif 1.2.3 Runtime
        and Development package called SWiM 1.2.3 available for $149.95.
        In addition to providing shared library versions of libXm and
        libMrm, the following is included in each package: The Window
        Manager (mwm), Shared Libraries (libXm, libMrm), (libXm, libMrm,
        libUil), UIL Compiler, Header and Include Files, Complete On-
        Line Manual Pages, Source Code to OSF/Motif Demo Programs,
        Complete OSF/Motif Users Guide.

        Linux 0.99pl13 or higher, libc 4.4.4, XFree 2.0, 12M Free Disk,
        8-12M RAM Suggested.

        USA: Sequoia International, Inc. (305-480-6118),
        Japan: Fortune Co., Ltd (03-5481-8974).  England: Lasermoon Ltd.
        (+44-0-329-826444).  Australia: Space Age Import-Export
        Proprietary (61-7-266-3418).

     Entry last modified:
        24 March 1994.

  8.4.  SSC Books and Linux Documentation Project Manuals

        SSC, Inc.
        P.O. Box 55549
        Seattle, WA 98155

        Net: <>
        Vox: 206-782-7191 (206-PUBS-REF)
        Fax: 206-782-7191

        SSC has printed the Linux Installation and Getting Started
        manual, Version 2.2.1 to make it available for those who do not
        have the capability to print it themself and to support our
        customers who buy Linux distributions from us. The book is
        perfect-bound with a 2-color cover. SSC has also published the
        Network Administrator's Guide from the LDP and will soon publish
        the Kernel Hacker's Guide. In addition, SSC has published The
        Linux Sampler, a book which includes new material plus articles
        from back issues of Linux Journal.  Other products include Linux
        T-shirts, mouse pads and bumper stickers.

        Linux Installation and Getting Started, Version 2.1 is available
        for $12.95 plus shipping ($3 in the U.S.).  The Linux Network
        Administrator's Guide and The Linux Sampler are $18.95 each plus
        shipping. Finger for information on these and
        other Linux books that we will make available.  We can accept
        credit card orders (Visa, MasterCard or AmEx).  Orders can be
        phoned in, faxed, mailed, or emailed.
        SSC also publishes a series of reference cards on Unix and Unix-
        related programs such as Emacs, VI, Korn Shell, C language, etc.
        SSC also sells the InfoMagic, Yggdrasil and Trans Ameritech
        distributions, Free Software Foundation books and a complete
        Linux package consisting of Linux Instllation and Getting
        Started, a Linux distribution on CD, 4 SSC Pocket References and
        a 1-year subscription to Linux Journal for $64.95. Call or e-
        mail for a free catalog.

     Entry last modified:
        11 Jan 1995.

  8.5.  Extent Verlag, LDP Distribution

        Extent Verlag Berlin, Germany
        Postfach 12 66 48, D-10594 Berlin, Germany

        Vox: +49 30 3244021
        Fax: +49 30 3249685

     Provider's Description:
        Extent has published the Linux Installation and Getting Started
        manual, Version 2.0 by Matt Welsh in order to make it available
        to Linux users within Germany and Europe. Inspite of being non-
        commercial, the manual was printed with 2540 dpi and bound in
        soft cover. Its handy paperback format is 148 x 210 mm.  Other
        LDP manuals are being prepared as soon as possible.

        Extent also tries to make SLACKWARE available to everybody
        within Germany and Europe just for the ordinary diskette price.
        This means, you pay only the diskettes and get the newest
        SLACKWARE distribution for free, just in the sense of Free
        Software. The 3.5" diskettes are fully error-checked, of course.

        Linux Installation and Getting Started, 192 pages.  ISBN
        3-926671-12-2. Costs within Germany DM 15.80 (tax and shipping
        included), within Europe DM 16.50 (shipping included).

        Full Slackware (latest version) on 50 diskettes. Within Germany,
        DM 100.00 plus DM 10.00 for shipping. Within Europe, DM 100.00
        plus DM 20.00 for shipping.

        Ordering by sending cheque to address above or money order
        (don't forget your address!) to Extent Verlag Berlin, Germany
        Postbank Berlin, BLZ 10010010, bank account 1769-104 or every
        book store.

     Entry last modified:
        25 March 1994.

  8.6.  UPython SLS and Slackware Diskette Labels

        UPython Computer and Network Services

     Provider's Description:
        Labels for Softlanding and slackware disks

        The labels that we print for you are available in several
        formats at <>.

        For order information, send mail to  Cost is $6.50
        per set and domestic shipping in included.  Overseas orders must
        send payment in US funds and add $1 for shipping.  Texas
        residents add sales tax (6).

     Entry last modified:
        11 Nov 1993.

  9.  Submissions To This Document

  I encourage anyone and everyone who maintains a Linux distribution or
  mail order service (or consulting service, and the like), to submit
  information on their service to this HOWTO. It's easy and fun, and
  it's free advertising. This document is posted to many places and is
  archived (see the next section).

  9.1.  Types of submissions

  We are interested in submissions for:

  o  Complete distributions of Linux software, available either via
     anonymous FTP, UUCP, or mail order. By `complete distribution' we
     mean any set of software which can be used to build a complete
     Linux system from scratch.

  o  Layered products or individual software packages available only via
     mail order. If your software package is available via anonymous
     FTP, chances are people can find it. Software products only
     available via mail-order include commercial things such as Motif,
     and any other commercial software ported to Linux.

  o  Any other Linux-specific goods available via mail order, such as
     Linux-specific books and documentation, T-shirts, and assorted
     paraphrenalia.   Note: our interest in the latter categories is
     marginal -- this is a Linux Distributions HOWTO, not a catalogue of
     cutesy Linux junk.  Whatever you're selling will have to be (a)
     very useful, (b) very

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